# \$1 in 1999 is worth \$1.21 in 2006

\$

## Value of \$1 from 1999 to 2006

\$1 in 1999 is equivalent in purchasing power to about \$1.21 in 2006, an increase of \$0.21 over 7 years. The dollar had an average inflation rate of 2.76% per year between 1999 and 2006, producing a cumulative price increase of 21.01%.

This means that prices in 2006 are 1.21 times higher than average prices since 1999, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics consumer price index.

The inflation rate in 1999 was 2.21%. The inflation rate in 2006 was 3.23%. The 2006 inflation rate is higher compared to the average inflation rate of 2.05% per year between 2006 and 2022.

 Cumulative price change 21.01% Average inflation rate 2.76% Converted amount (\$1 base) \$1.21 Price difference (\$1 base) \$0.21 CPI in 1999 166.600 CPI in 2006 201.600 Inflation in 1999 2.21% Inflation in 2006 3.23% \$1 in 1999 \$1.21 in 2006

USD Inflation since 1913
Annual Rate, the Bureau of Labor Statistics CPI

## Buying power of \$1 in 1999

This chart shows a calculation of buying power equivalence for \$1 in 1999 (price index tracking began in 1635).

For example, if you started with \$1, you would need to end with \$1.21 in order to "adjust" for inflation (sometimes refered to as "beating inflation").

When \$1 is equivalent to \$1.21 over time, that means that the "real value" of a single U.S. dollar decreases over time. In other words, a dollar will pay for fewer items at the store.

This effect explains how inflation erodes the value of a dollar over time. By calculating the value in 1999 dollars, the chart below shows how \$1 is worth less over 7 years.

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, each of these USD amounts below is equal in terms of what it could buy at the time:

Dollar inflation: 1999-2006
Year Dollar Value Inflation Rate
1999 \$1.00 2.21%
2000 \$1.03 3.36%
2001 \$1.06 2.85%
2002 \$1.08 1.58%
2003 \$1.10 2.28%
2004 \$1.13 2.66%
2005 \$1.17 3.39%
2006 \$1.21 3.23%
2007 \$1.24 2.85%
2008 \$1.29 3.84%
2009 \$1.29 -0.36%
2010 \$1.31 1.64%
2011 \$1.35 3.16%
2012 \$1.38 2.07%
2013 \$1.40 1.46%
2014 \$1.42 1.62%
2015 \$1.42 0.12%
2016 \$1.44 1.26%
2017 \$1.47 2.13%
2018 \$1.51 2.49%
2019 \$1.53 1.76%
2020 \$1.55 1.23%
2021 \$1.63 4.70%
2022 \$1.67 2.89%*
* Compared to previous annual rate. Not final. See inflation summary for latest 12-month trailing value.

This conversion table shows various other 1999 amounts in 2006 dollars, based on the 21.01% change in prices:

Conversion: 1999 dollars in 2006
Initial value Equivalent value
\$1 dollar in 1999 \$1.21 dollars in 2006
\$5 dollars in 1999 \$6.05 dollars in 2006
\$10 dollars in 1999 \$12.10 dollars in 2006
\$50 dollars in 1999 \$60.50 dollars in 2006
\$100 dollars in 1999 \$121.01 dollars in 2006
\$500 dollars in 1999 \$605.04 dollars in 2006
\$1,000 dollars in 1999 \$1,210.08 dollars in 2006
\$5,000 dollars in 1999 \$6,050.42 dollars in 2006
\$10,000 dollars in 1999 \$12,100.84 dollars in 2006
\$50,000 dollars in 1999 \$60,504.20 dollars in 2006
\$100,000 dollars in 1999 \$121,008.40 dollars in 2006
\$500,000 dollars in 1999 \$605,042.02 dollars in 2006
\$1,000,000 dollars in 1999 \$1,210,084.03 dollars in 2006

## Inflation by City

Inflation can vary widely by city, even within the United States. Here's how some cities fared in 1999 to 2006 (figures shown are purchasing power equivalents of \$1):

San Diego, California experienced the highest rate of inflation during the 7 years between 1999 and 2006 (6.03%).

Atlanta, Georgia experienced the lowest rate of inflation during the 7 years between 1999 and 2006 (2.35%).

Note that some locations showing 0% inflation may have not yet reported latest data.

## Inflation by Country

Inflation can also vary widely by country. For comparison, in the UK £1.00 in 1999 would be equivalent to £1.20 in 2006, an absolute change of £0.20 and a cumulative change of 19.77%.

In Canada, CA\$1.00 in 1999 would be equivalent to CA\$1.18 in 2006, an absolute change of CA\$0.18 and a cumulative change of 17.52%.

Compare these numbers to the US's overall absolute change of \$0.21 and total percent change of 21.01%.

## Inflation by Spending Category

CPI is the weighted combination of many categories of spending that are tracked by the government. Breaking down these categories helps explain the main drivers behind price changes.

Between 1999 and 2006:

This chart shows the average rate of inflation for select CPI categories between 1999 and 2006.

Compare these values to the overall average of 2.76% per year:

Category Avg Inflation (%) Total Inflation (%) \$1 in 1999 → 2006
Food and beverages 2.51 18.91 1.19
Housing 3.12 23.95 1.24
Apparel -1.34 -9.02 0.91
Transportation 3.27 25.25 1.25
Medical care 4.29 34.16 1.34
Recreation 1.21 8.81 1.09
Education and communication 2.07 15.38 1.15
Other goods and services 3.19 24.59 1.25

The graph below compares inflation in categories of goods over time. Click on a category such as "Food" to toggle it on or off:

For all these visualizations, it's important to note that not all categories may have been tracked since 1999. This table and charts use the earliest available data for each category.

## How to Calculate Inflation Rate for \$1, 1999 to 2006

Our calculations use the following inflation rate formula to calculate the change in value between 1999 and 2006:

CPI in 2006 CPI in 1999
×
1999 USD value
=
2006 USD value

Then plug in historical CPI values. The U.S. CPI was 166.6 in the year 1999 and 201.6 in 2006:

201.6166.6
×
\$1
=
\$1.21

\$1 in 1999 has the same "purchasing power" or "buying power" as \$1.21 in 2006.

To get the total inflation rate for the 7 years between 1999 and 2006, we use the following formula:

CPI in 2006 - CPI in 1999CPI in 1999
×
100
=
Cumulative inflation rate (7 years)

Plugging in the values to this equation, we get:

201.6 - 166.6166.6
×
100
=
21%

## Alternate Measurements of Inflation

The above data describe the CPI for all items. Also of note is the Core CPI, which measures inflation for all items except for the more volatile categories of food and energy. Core inflation averaged 2.19% per year between 1999 and 2006 (vs all-CPI inflation of 2.76%), for an inflation total of 16.35%.

When using the core inflation measurement, \$1 in 1999 is equivalent in buying power to \$1.16 in 2006, a difference of \$0.16. Recall that for All Items, the converted amount is \$1.21 with a difference of \$0.21.

In 1999, core inflation was 2.08%.

## Comparison to S&P 500 Index

The average inflation rate of 2.76% has a compounding effect between 1999 and 2006. As noted above, this yearly inflation rate compounds to produce an overall price difference of 21.01% over 7 years.

To help put this inflation into perspective, if we had invested \$1 in the S&P 500 index in 1999, our investment would be nominally worth approximately \$1.29 in 2006. This is a return on investment of 28.88%, with an absolute return of \$0.29 on top of the original \$1.

These numbers are not inflation adjusted, so they are considered nominal. In order to evaluate the real return on our investment, we must calculate the return with inflation taken into account.

The compounding effect of inflation would account for 17.36% of returns (\$0.22) during this period. This means the inflation-adjusted real return of our \$1 investment is \$0.07. You may also want to account for capital gains tax, which would take your real return down to around \$0 for most people.

Investment in S&P 500 Index, 1999-2006
Original Amount Final Amount Change
Nominal \$1 \$1.29 28.88%
Real
\$1 \$1.07 6.51%

Information displayed above may differ slightly from other S&P 500 calculators. Minor discrepancies can occur because we use the latest CPI data for inflation, annualized inflation numbers for previous years, and we compute S&P price and dividends from January of 1999 to latest available data for 2006 using average monthly close price.

For more details on the S&P 500 between 1999 and 2006, see the stock market returns calculator.

Politics and news often influence economic performance. Here's what was happening at the time:

• NATO begins its bombardment of Yugoslavia in the Kosovo War marking the first time NATO attacked a sovereign country.
• Slobodan Milosevic and four others are indicted by the International Criminal Tribunal for former Yugoslavia, for war crimes and crimes against humanity committed in Kosovo.

## Data Source & Citation

Raw data for these calculations comes from the Bureau of Labor Statistics' (CPI), established in 1913. Inflation data from 1665 to 1912 is sourced from a historical study conducted by political science professor Robert Sahr at Oregon State University.

You may use the following MLA citation for this page: “\$1 in 1999 → 2006 | Inflation Calculator.” Official Inflation Data, Alioth Finance, 17 Jan. 2022, https://www.officialdata.org/1999-dollars-in-2006?amount=1.

Special thanks to QuickChart for their chart image API, which is used for chart downloads.