$1 in-game (1899) → $31.01 in 2019

Inflation Calculator

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Red Dead Redemption 2 Inflation Converter

Wondering how much items in Red Dead Redemption cost in today's dollars? The game is based in 1899, so we can calculate the value today by using official U.S. government statistics from the Department of Labor plus other historical data.

Use the inflation calculator to enter an amount and see for yourself. Or, look below for converted prices for popular items.


In-game Price Conversion, 1899 → 2019

The table below shows game prices (assuming neutral honor) in today's dollars.

Item New Austin Nuevo Paraiso West Elizabeth
Plants
Butterfly Weed 3 → 91.23 3 → 91.23 4 → 121.64
Desert Sage 1 → 30.41 2 → 60.82 2 → 60.82
Golden Currant 6 → 182.46 12 → 364.92 4 → 121.64
Hummingbird Sage 8 → 243.28 15 → 456.15 5 → 152.05
Prairie Poppy 6 → 182.46 12 → 364.92 4 → 121.64
Prickly Pear 3 → 91.23 3 → 91.23 4 → 121.64
Red Sage 2 → 60.82 3 → 91.23 3 → 91.23
Violet Snowdrop 9 → 273.69 18 → 547.38 6 → 182.46
Wild Feverfew 1 → 30.41 2 → 60.82 2 → 60.82
Woolly Blue Curls 5 → 152.05 5 → 152.05 6 → 182.46
Birds
Chicken Featders 1 → 30.41 1 → 30.41 1 → 30.41
Crow Featders 3 → 91.23 3 → 91.23 3 → 91.23
Duck Featders 2 → 60.82 2 → 60.82 2 → 60.82
Eagle Featders 8 → 243.28 12 → 364.92 8 → 243.28
Hawk Featders 6 → 182.46 6 → 182.46 6 → 182.46
Owl Featders 4 → 121.64 4 → 121.64 4 → 121.64
Seagull Featders 3 → 91.23 2 → 60.82 2 → 60.82
Songbird Featders 5 → 152.05 5 → 152.05 5 → 152.05
Vulture Featders 3 → 91.23 3 → 91.23 3 → 91.23
Animals
Armadillo Carapace 8 → 243.28 8 → 243.28 10 → 304.1
Armadillo Meat 5 → 152.05 5 → 152.05 6 → 182.46
Beaver Fur 18 → 547.38 24 → 729.84 12 → 364.92
Beaver Meat 8 → 243.28 15 → 456.15 5 → 152.05
Bighorn Horn 12 → 364.92 12 → 364.92 12 → 364.92
Bighorn Meat 5 → 152.05 5 → 152.05 5 → 152.05
Bighorn Skin 8 → 243.28 8 → 243.28 8 → 243.28
Boar Meat 5 → 152.05 5 → 152.05 5 → 152.05
Boar Skin 3 → 91.23 3 → 91.23 3 → 91.23
Boar Tusks 8 → 243.28 8 → 243.28 8 → 243.28
Bobcat Claw 18 → 547.38 12 → 364.92 12 → 364.92
Bobcat Fur 12 → 364.92 8 → 243.28 8 → 243.28
Bobcat Meat 8 → 243.28 5 → 152.05 5 → 152.05
Buck Antlers 8 → 243.28 8 → 243.28 8 → 243.28
Buck Meat 5 → 152.05 5 → 152.05 5 → 152.05
Buck Skin 6 → 182.46 6 → 182.46 6 → 182.46
Buffalo Horns 12 → 364.92 16 → 486.56 8 → 243.28
Buffalo Meat 15 → 456.15 20 → 608.2 10 → 304.1
Buffalo Skin 18 → 547.38 24 → 729.84 12 → 364.92
Cougar Claw 12 → 364.92 18 → 547.38 12 → 364.92
Cougar Fang 8 → 243.28 12 → 364.92 8 → 243.28
Cougar Meat 5 → 152.05 8 → 243.28 5 → 152.05
Cougar Pelt 8 → 243.28 12 → 364.92 8 → 243.28
Cow Hide 4 → 121.64 4 → 121.64 4 → 121.64
Cow Meat 4 → 121.64 4 → 121.64 4 → 121.64
Coyote Meat 3 → 91.23 3 → 91.23 3 → 91.23
Coyote Pelt 5 → 152.05 5 → 152.05 5 → 152.05
Deer Meat 4 → 121.64 4 → 121.64 4 → 121.64
Deer Skin 6 → 182.46 6 → 182.46 6 → 182.46
Dog Fur 2 → 60.82 2 → 60.82 3 → 91.23
Dog Meat 1 → 30.41 1 → 30.41 2 → 60.82
Elk Antlers 12 → 364.92 18 → 547.38 12 → 364.92
Elk Meat 8 → 243.28 12 → 364.92 8 → 243.28
Elk Skin 9 → 273.69 14 → 425.74 9 → 273.69
Fox Fur 12 → 364.92 18 → 547.38 12 → 364.92
Fox Meat 5 → 152.05 8 → 243.28 5 → 152.05
Goat Meat 5 → 152.05 5 → 152.05 8 → 243.28
Grizzly Claw 12 → 364.92 16 → 486.56 8 → 243.28
Grizzly Furs 18 → 547.38 24 → 729.84 12 → 364.92
Grizzly Heart 24 → 729.84 32 → 973.12 16 → 486.56
Grizzly Meat 12 → 364.92 16 → 486.56 8 → 243.28
Grizzly Tootd 18 → 547.38 24 → 729.84 12 → 364.92
Horse Hide 2 → 60.82 2 → 60.82 2 → 60.82
Horse Meat 2 → 60.82 2 → 60.82 2 → 60.82
Mule Hide 2 → 60.82 1 → 30.41 2 → 60.82
Mule Meat 2 → 60.82 1 → 30.41 2 → 60.82
Pig Meat 5 → 152.05 5 → 152.05 5 → 152.05
Rabbit Meat 3 → 91.23 3 → 91.23 3 → 91.23
Raccoon Fur 5 → 152.05 8 → 243.28 5 → 152.05
Raccoon Meat 3 → 91.23 5 → 152.05 3 → 91.23
Sheep Meat 5 → 152.05 8 → 243.28 8 → 243.28
Sheep Skin 6 → 182.46 9 → 273.69 9 → 273.69
Skunk Fur 5 → 152.05 5 → 152.05 5 → 152.05
Skunk Meat 3 → 91.23 3 → 91.23 3 → 91.23
Snake Skin 6 → 182.46 6 → 182.46 6 → 182.46
Wolf Heart 18 → 547.38 18 → 547.38 18 → 547.38
Wolf Meat 8 → 243.28 8 → 243.28 8 → 243.28
Wolf Pelt 10 → 304.1 10 → 304.1 10 → 304.1
Legendary Animals
Brumas' Claw 48 → 1459.68 64 → 1946.24 32 → 973.12
Brumas' Fur 72 → 2189.52 96 → 2919.36 48 → 1459.68
Brumas' Heart 54 → 1642.14 72 → 2189.52 36 → 1094.76
Brumas' Meat 54 → 1642.14 72 → 2189.52 36 → 1094.76
Brumas' Teetd 66 → 2007.06 88 → 2676.08 44 → 1338.04
Gordo's Heart 48 → 1459.68 72 → 2189.52 72 → 2189.52
Gordo's Meat 32 → 973.12 48 → 1459.68 64 → 1946.24
Gordo's Skin 36 → 1094.76 54 → 1642.14 54 → 1642.14
Gordo's Tusks 36 → 1094.76 54 → 1642.14 54 → 1642.14
Khan's Fang 63 → 1915.83 42 → 1277.22 84 → 2554.44
Khan's Heart 54 → 1642.14 36 → 1094.76 72 → 2189.52
Khan's Meat 48 → 1459.68 32 → 973.12 64 → 1946.24
Khan's Pelt 36 → 1094.76 24 → 729.84 48 → 1459.68
Lobo's Fur 72 → 2189.52 96 → 2919.36 48 → 1459.68
Lobo's Heart 66 → 2007.06 88 → 2676.08 44 → 1338.04
Lobo's Meat 48 → 1459.68 64 → 1946.24 32 → 973.12
Treasure
Rhodes' Gold 100 → 3041.0 100 → 3041.0 100 → 3041.0
Jackson's Gold 125 → 3801.25 125 → 3801.25 125 → 3801.25
Calhoun's Gold 150 → 4561.5 150 → 4561.5 150 → 4561.5
Tubman's Gold 175 → 5321.75 175 → 5321.75 175 → 5321.75
Brown's Gold 200 → 6082.0 200 → 6082.0 200 → 6082.0
Douglass' Gold 225 → 6842.25 225 → 6842.25 225 → 6842.25
Garrison's Gold 300 → 9123.0 300 → 9123.0 300 → 9123.0
Pickett's Gold 400 → 12164.0 400 → 12164.0 400 → 12164.0
Stonewall's Gold 500 → 15205.0 500 → 15205.0 500 → 15205.0

In-game Data source: Red Dead Wiki

Because the government only started collecting inflation data in 1913, inflation rates in the 14 years prior to the creation of the Consumer Price Index are approximated based on historical economic studies conducted by academics.


Summary Statistics

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics consumer price index, prices in 2019 are 3,000.55% higher than prices in 1899. The dollar experienced an average inflation rate of 2.90% per year during this period.

In other words, $1 in 1899 is equivalent in purchasing power to $31.01 in 2019, a difference of $30.01 over 120 years.

Inflation from 1899 to 2019
Cumulative price change 3,000.55%
Average inflation rate 2.90%
Converted amount ($1 base) $31.01
Price difference ($1 base) $30.01
CPI in 1899 8.300
CPI in 2019 257.346
Inflation in 1899 0.00%
Inflation in 2019 1.76%


U.S. inflation chart since 1665


Buying power of $1 in 1899

This chart shows calculation of buying power equivalence, often referred to as "the value of a dollar" over time for $1 in 1899 (price index tracking began in 1635).

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, each of these USD amounts below is equal in terms of what it could buy at the time:

Year Dollar Value Inflation Rate
1899 $1.00 -
1900 $1.01 1.20%
1901 $1.02 1.19%
1902 $1.04 1.18%
1903 $1.06 2.33%
1904 $1.07 1.14%
1905 $1.06 -1.12%
1906 $1.08 2.27%
1907 $1.13 4.44%
1908 $1.11 -2.13%
1909 $1.10 -1.09%
1910 $1.14 4.40%
1911 $1.14 0.00%
1912 $1.17 2.11%
1913 $1.19 2.06%
1914 $1.20 1.01%
1915 $1.22 1.00%
1916 $1.31 7.92%
1917 $1.54 17.43%
1918 $1.82 17.97%
1919 $2.08 14.57%
1920 $2.41 15.61%
1921 $2.16 -10.50%
1922 $2.02 -6.15%
1923 $2.06 1.79%
1924 $2.06 0.00%
1925 $2.11 2.34%
1926 $2.13 1.14%
1927 $2.10 -1.69%
1928 $2.06 -1.72%
1929 $2.06 0.00%
1930 $2.01 -2.34%
1931 $1.83 -8.98%
1932 $1.65 -9.87%
1933 $1.57 -5.11%
1934 $1.61 3.08%
1935 $1.65 2.24%
1936 $1.67 1.46%
1937 $1.73 3.60%
1938 $1.70 -2.08%
1939 $1.67 -1.42%
1940 $1.69 0.72%
1941 $1.77 5.00%
1942 $1.96 10.88%
1943 $2.08 6.13%
1944 $2.12 1.73%
1945 $2.17 2.27%
1946 $2.35 8.33%
1947 $2.69 14.36%
1948 $2.90 8.07%
1949 $2.87 -1.24%
1950 $2.90 1.26%
1951 $3.13 7.88%
1952 $3.19 1.92%
1953 $3.22 0.75%
1954 $3.24 0.75%
1955 $3.23 -0.37%
1956 $3.28 1.49%
1957 $3.39 3.31%
1958 $3.48 2.85%
1959 $3.51 0.69%
1960 $3.57 1.72%
1961 $3.60 1.01%
1962 $3.64 1.00%
1963 $3.69 1.32%
1964 $3.73 1.31%
1965 $3.80 1.61%
1966 $3.90 2.86%
1967 $4.02 3.09%
1968 $4.19 4.19%
1969 $4.42 5.46%
1970 $4.67 5.72%
1971 $4.88 4.38%
1972 $5.04 3.21%
1973 $5.35 6.22%
1974 $5.94 11.04%
1975 $6.48 9.13%
1976 $6.86 5.76%
1977 $7.30 6.50%
1978 $7.86 7.59%
1979 $8.75 11.35%
1980 $9.93 13.50%
1981 $10.95 10.32%
1982 $11.63 6.16%
1983 $12.00 3.21%
1984 $12.52 4.32%
1985 $12.96 3.56%
1986 $13.20 1.86%
1987 $13.69 3.65%
1988 $14.25 4.14%
1989 $14.94 4.82%
1990 $15.75 5.40%
1991 $16.41 4.21%
1992 $16.90 3.01%
1993 $17.41 2.99%
1994 $17.86 2.56%
1995 $18.36 2.83%
1996 $18.90 2.95%
1997 $19.34 2.29%
1998 $19.64 1.56%
1999 $20.07 2.21%
2000 $20.75 3.36%
2001 $21.34 2.85%
2002 $21.67 1.58%
2003 $22.17 2.28%
2004 $22.76 2.66%
2005 $23.53 3.39%
2006 $24.29 3.23%
2007 $24.98 2.85%
2008 $25.94 3.84%
2009 $25.85 -0.36%
2010 $26.27 1.64%
2011 $27.10 3.16%
2012 $27.66 2.07%
2013 $28.07 1.46%
2014 $28.52 1.62%
2015 $28.56 0.12%
2016 $28.92 1.26%
2017 $29.53 2.13%
2018 $30.25 2.44%
2019 $31.01 2.48%*
* Compared to previous annual rate. Not final. See inflation summary for latest 12-month trailing value.
Click to show 114 more rows

Inflation by Spending Category

CPI is the weighted combination of many categories of spending that are tracked by the government. This chart shows the average rate of inflation for select CPI categories between 1899 and 2019.

Compare these values to the overall average of 2.90% per year:

Category Avg Inflation (%) Total Inflation (%) $1 in 1899 → 2019
Food 3.12 3,899.01 39.99
Shelter 4.09 12,211.97 123.12
Energy 3.78 8,490.06 85.90
Apparel 2.02 1,007.53 11.08
New vehicles 1.04 246.73 3.47
Used cars and trucks 0.62 110.61 2.11
Transportation services 4.03 11,300.04 114.00
Medical care services 5.09 38,361.79 384.62
Medical care commodities 3.00 3,382.05 34.82

The graph below compares inflation in categories of goods over time. Click on a category such as "Food" to toggle it on or off:

For all these visualizations, it's important to note that not all categories may have been tracked since 1899. This table and charts use the earliest available data for each category.



How to Calculate Inflation Rate for $1 since 1899

This inflation calculator uses the following inflation rate formula:

CPI in 2019CPI in 1899
×
1899 USD value
=
2019 USD value

Then plug in historical CPI values. The U.S. CPI was 8.3 in the year 1899 and 257.346 in 2019:

257.3468.3
×
$1
=
$31.01

$1 in 1899 has the same "purchasing power" or "buying power" as $31.01 in 2019.

To get the total inflation rate for the 120 years between 1899 and 2019, we use the following formula:

CPI in 2019 - CPI in 1899CPI in 1899
×
100
=
Cumulative inflation rate (120 years)

Plugging in the values to this equation, we get:

257.346 - 8.38.3
×
100
=
3,001%

Comparison to S&P 500 Index

The average inflation rate of 2.90% has a compounding effect between 1899 and 2019. As noted above, this yearly inflation rate compounds to produce an overall price difference of 3,000.55% over 120 years.

To help put this inflation into perspective, if we had invested $1 in the S&P 500 index in 1899, our investment would be nominally worth approximately $71,900.82 in 2019. This is a return on investment of 7,189,981.56%, with an absolute return of $71,899.82 on top of the original $1.

These numbers are not inflation adjusted, so they are considered nominal. In order to evaluate the real return on our investment, we must calculate the return with inflation taken into account.

The compounding effect of inflation would account for 96.77% of returns ($69,581.85) during this period. This means the inflation-adjusted real return of our $1 investment is $2,317.97. You may also want to account for capital gains tax, which would take your real return down to around $1,970 for most people.

Investment in S&P 500 Index, 1899-2019
Original Amount Final Amount Change
Nominal $1 $71,900.82 7,189,981.56%
Real
Inflation Adjusted
$1 $2,318.97 231,796.66%

Information displayed above may differ slightly from other S&P 500 calculators. Minor discrepancies can occur because we use the latest CPI data for inflation, annualized inflation numbers for previous years, and we compute S&P price and dividends from January of 1899 to latest available data for 2019.


News headlines from 1899

Politics and news often influence economic performance. Here's what was happening at the time:

  • Aspirin is patented by Felix Hoffmann at Bayer Company.
  • The bicycle is patented frame by an African-American inventor Issac Johnson.
  • Boers defeat British forces in a Battle of Ladysmith, which leads to the Siege of Ladysmith.
  • 1902 Marie and Pierre Curie isolate the radioactive element of chlorine.
  • Abdulaziz Ibn Saud and his 40 men, take over the city of Riyadh, which marked the beginning of the Third Saudi State.
  • U.S. Court of Appeals rules that Thomas Edison did not invent the movie camera.

Data Source & Citation

Raw data for these calculations comes from the Bureau of Labor Statistics' (CPI), established in 1913. Inflation data from 1665 to 1912 is sourced from a historical study conducted by political science professor Robert Sahr at Oregon State University.


» Read more about inflation and investment.