The consumer price index (CPI) in 2005 was 195.3. It was 188.9 in the previous year. This change in CPI is used by the Bureau of Labor Statistics to calculate inflation.

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics consumer price index, the dollar experienced an average inflation rate of 1.97% per year. Prices in 2018 are 28.8% higher than prices in 2005.

In other words, $100 in 2005 is equivalent in purchasing power to $128.82 in 2018, a difference of $28.82 over 13 years.

The current inflation rate is now 2.80%^{1}. If this number holds, $100 today will be equivalent to $102.80 next year.
The current inflation rate page gives more detail on the latest official inflation rates.

Cumulative price change | 28.82% |

Average inflation rate | 1.97% |

Converted amount ($100 base) | $128.82 |

Price difference ($100 base) | $28.82 |

CPI in 2005 | 195.3 |

CPI in 2018 | 251.59 |

CPI in 2018 / CPI in 2005 * 2005 USD value = 2018 USD value

Then plug in historical CPI values. The U.S. CPI was 195.3 in the year 2005 and 251.59 in 2018:

251.59 / 195.3 * $100 =

$100 in 2005 has the same "purchasing power" or "buying power" as $128.82 in 2018.

Here are calculations of buying power over time for $100 in 2005 (price index tracking began in 1913). Each of these USD amounts below is equivalent in terms of what it could buy at the time:

Year | USD Value | Inflation Rate |
---|---|---|

2005 | $100.00 | 3.39% |

2006 | $103.23 | 3.23% |

2007 | $106.17 | 2.85% |

2008 | $110.24 | 3.84% |

2009 | $109.85 | -0.36% |

2010 | $111.65 | 1.64% |

2011 | $115.18 | 3.16% |

2012 | $117.56 | 2.07% |

2013 | $119.28 | 1.46% |

2014 | $121.22 | 1.62% |

2015 | $121.36 | 0.12% |

2016 | $122.89 | 1.26% |

2017 | $125.34 | 1.99% |

2018 | $128.82 | 2.78%* |

Politics and news often influence economic performance. Here's what was happening at the time:

- Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak asks Parliament to amend Article 76 and orders constitutional changes in order to allow multi-candidate presidential elections.
- Syria's 29-year-long military domination of Lebanon ends, after it withdraws the last of its 14,000 troops under international pressure.
- A coordinated bomb attack hits London's public transport system, during the morning rush hour, killing 52 and injuring a further 700 people.
- Angela Merkel becomes first female Chancellor of Germany.

Raw data for these calculations comes from the Bureau of Labor Statistics' Consumer Price Index (CPI), established in 1913. Inflation data from 1665 to 1912 is sourced from a historical study conducted by political science professor Robert Sahr at Oregon State University.

You may use the following MLA citation for this page: “Inflation Rate in 2005 | Inflation Calculator.” U.S. Official Inflation Data, Alioth Finance, 13 Jun. 2018, https://www.officialdata.org/inflation-rate-in-2005.