$3,370.14 in 1852 → $109,904.57 in 2018

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$3,370.14 in 1852 → $109,904.57 in 2018

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U.S. Inflation Rate, $3,370.14 in 1852 to 2018

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics consumer price index, prices in 2018 are 3,161.13% higher than average prices throughout 1852. The dollar experienced an average inflation rate of 2.12% per year during this period, meaning the real value of a dollar decreased.

In other words, $3,370.14 in 1852 is equivalent in purchasing power to about $109,904.57 in 2018, a difference of $106,534.43 over 166 years.

The 1852 inflation rate was 0.00%. The inflation rate in 2018 was 2.44%. The 2018 inflation rate is lower compared to the average inflation rate of 2.48% per year between 2018 and 2019.


Inflation from 1852 to 2018
Cumulative price change 3,161.13%
Average inflation rate 2.12%
Converted amount ($3,370.14 base) $109,904.57
Price difference ($3,370.14 base) $106,534.43
CPI in 1852 7.700
CPI in 2018 251.107
Inflation in 1852 0.00%
Inflation in 2018 2.44%

U.S. inflation chart since 1665


Buying power of $3,370.14 in 1852

This chart shows calculation of buying power equivalence, often referred to as "the value of a dollar" over time for $3,370.14 in 1852 (price index tracking began in 1635).

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, each of these USD amounts below is equal in terms of what it could buy at the time:

Year Dollar Value Inflation Rate
1852 $3,370.14 -
1853 $3,370.14 0.00%
1854 $3,676.52 9.09%
1855 $3,807.82 3.57%
1856 $3,720.28 -2.30%
1857 $3,807.82 2.35%
1858 $3,588.98 -5.75%
1859 $3,632.75 1.22%
1860 $3,632.75 0.00%
1861 $3,851.59 6.02%
1862 $4,420.57 14.77%
1863 $5,514.77 24.75%
1864 $6,871.58 24.60%
1865 $7,134.19 3.82%
1866 $6,959.12 -2.45%
1867 $6,477.67 -6.92%
1868 $6,215.06 -4.05%
1869 $5,952.46 -4.23%
1870 $5,733.61 -3.68%
1871 $5,339.70 -6.87%
1872 $5,339.70 0.00%
1873 $5,252.17 -1.64%
1874 $4,989.56 -5.00%
1875 $4,814.49 -3.51%
1876 $4,683.18 -2.73%
1877 $4,595.65 -1.87%
1878 $4,376.81 -4.76%
1879 $4,376.81 0.00%
1880 $4,464.34 2.00%
1881 $4,464.34 0.00%
1882 $4,464.34 0.00%
1883 $4,420.57 -0.98%
1884 $4,289.27 -2.97%
1885 $4,245.50 -1.02%
1886 $4,114.20 -3.09%
1887 $4,157.96 1.06%
1888 $4,157.96 0.00%
1889 $4,026.66 -3.16%
1890 $3,982.89 -1.09%
1891 $3,982.89 0.00%
1892 $3,982.89 0.00%
1893 $3,939.12 -1.10%
1894 $3,764.05 -4.44%
1895 $3,676.52 -2.33%
1896 $3,676.52 0.00%
1897 $3,632.75 -1.19%
1898 $3,632.75 0.00%
1899 $3,632.75 0.00%
1900 $3,676.52 1.20%
1901 $3,720.28 1.19%
1902 $3,764.05 1.18%
1903 $3,851.59 2.33%
1904 $3,895.36 1.14%
1905 $3,851.59 -1.12%
1906 $3,939.12 2.27%
1907 $4,114.20 4.44%
1908 $4,026.66 -2.13%
1909 $3,982.89 -1.09%
1910 $4,157.96 4.40%
1911 $4,157.96 0.00%
1912 $4,245.50 2.11%
1913 $4,333.04 2.06%
1914 $4,376.81 1.01%
1915 $4,420.57 1.00%
1916 $4,770.72 7.92%
1917 $5,602.31 17.43%
1918 $6,608.98 17.97%
1919 $7,571.87 14.57%
1920 $8,753.61 15.61%
1921 $7,834.48 -10.50%
1922 $7,353.03 -6.15%
1923 $7,484.34 1.79%
1924 $7,484.34 0.00%
1925 $7,659.41 2.34%
1926 $7,746.95 1.14%
1927 $7,615.64 -1.69%
1928 $7,484.34 -1.72%
1929 $7,484.34 0.00%
1930 $7,309.26 -2.34%
1931 $6,652.74 -8.98%
1932 $5,996.22 -9.87%
1933 $5,689.85 -5.11%
1934 $5,864.92 3.08%
1935 $5,996.22 2.24%
1936 $6,083.76 1.46%
1937 $6,302.60 3.60%
1938 $6,171.30 -2.08%
1939 $6,083.76 -1.42%
1940 $6,127.53 0.72%
1941 $6,433.90 5.00%
1942 $7,134.19 10.88%
1943 $7,571.87 6.13%
1944 $7,703.18 1.73%
1945 $7,878.25 2.27%
1946 $8,534.77 8.33%
1947 $9,760.28 14.36%
1948 $10,548.10 8.07%
1949 $10,416.80 -1.24%
1950 $10,548.10 1.26%
1951 $11,379.69 7.88%
1952 $11,598.53 1.92%
1953 $11,686.07 0.75%
1954 $11,773.61 0.75%
1955 $11,729.84 -0.37%
1956 $11,904.91 1.49%
1957 $12,298.82 3.31%
1958 $12,648.97 2.85%
1959 $12,736.50 0.69%
1960 $12,955.34 1.72%
1961 $13,086.65 1.01%
1962 $13,217.95 1.00%
1963 $13,393.02 1.32%
1964 $13,568.10 1.31%
1965 $13,786.94 1.61%
1966 $14,180.85 2.86%
1967 $14,618.53 3.09%
1968 $15,231.28 4.19%
1969 $16,062.88 5.46%
1970 $16,982.00 5.72%
1971 $17,726.06 4.38%
1972 $18,295.05 3.21%
1973 $19,433.02 6.22%
1974 $21,577.65 11.04%
1975 $23,547.21 9.13%
1976 $24,904.02 5.76%
1977 $26,523.44 6.50%
1978 $28,536.77 7.59%
1979 $31,775.61 11.35%
1980 $36,064.87 13.50%
1981 $39,785.16 10.32%
1982 $42,236.17 6.16%
1983 $43,592.98 3.21%
1984 $45,475.01 4.32%
1985 $47,094.42 3.56%
1986 $47,969.78 1.86%
1987 $49,720.51 3.65%
1988 $51,777.61 4.14%
1989 $54,272.38 4.82%
1990 $57,204.84 5.40%
1991 $59,612.09 4.21%
1992 $61,406.58 3.01%
1993 $63,244.84 2.99%
1994 $64,864.25 2.56%
1995 $66,702.51 2.83%
1996 $68,672.07 2.95%
1997 $70,247.72 2.29%
1998 $71,341.92 1.56%
1999 $72,917.57 2.21%
2000 $75,368.59 3.36%
2001 $77,513.22 2.85%
2002 $78,738.73 1.58%
2003 $80,533.22 2.28%
2004 $82,677.85 2.66%
2005 $85,479.01 3.39%
2006 $88,236.39 3.23%
2007 $90,749.55 2.85%
2008 $94,233.93 3.84%
2009 $93,898.67 -0.36%
2010 $95,438.86 1.64%
2011 $98,451.42 3.16%
2012 $100,488.82 2.07%
2013 $101,960.74 1.46%
2014 $103,614.74 1.62%
2015 $103,737.72 0.12%
2016 $105,046.39 1.26%
2017 $107,284.25 2.13%
2018 $109,904.57 2.44%
2019 $112,635.33 2.48%*
* Compared to previous annual rate. Not final. See inflation summary for latest 12-month trailing value.
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Inflation by Country

Inflation can also vary widely by country. For comparison, in the UK £3,370.14 in 1852 would be equivalent to £458,336.27 in 2018, an absolute change of £454,966.13 and a cumulative change of 13,499.92%.

Compare these numbers to the US's overall absolute change of $106,534.43 and total percent change of 3,161.13%.


Inflation by Spending Category

CPI is the weighted combination of many categories of spending that are tracked by the government. This chart shows the average rate of inflation for select CPI categories between 1852 and 2018.

Compare these values to the overall average of 2.12% per year:

Category Avg Inflation (%) Total Inflation (%) $3,370.14 in 1852 → 2018
Food and beverages 3.96 62,766.75 2,118,697.48
Housing 4.26 101,643.10 3,428,884.88
Apparel 2.05 2,810.37 98,083.56
Transportation 3.30 21,909.09 741,737.10
Medical care 5.17 429,300.35 14,471,393.00
Recreation 1.09 503.67 20,344.68
Education and communication 1.89 2,152.82 75,923.11
Other goods and services 5.10 382,814.60 12,904,758.03

The graph below compares inflation in categories of goods over time. Click on a category such as "Food" to toggle it on or off:

For all these visualizations, it's important to note that not all categories may have been tracked since 1852. This table and charts use the earliest available data for each category.



How to Calculate Inflation Rate for $3,370.14, 1852 to 2018

This inflation calculator uses the following inflation rate formula:

CPI in 2018CPI in 1852
×
1852 USD value
=
2018 USD value

Then plug in historical CPI values. The U.S. CPI was 7.7 in the year 1852 and 251.10683333333 in 2018:

251.106833333337.7
×
$3,370.14
=
$109,904.57

$3,370.14 in 1852 has the same "purchasing power" or "buying power" as $109,904.57 in 2018.

To get the total inflation rate for the 166 years between 1852 and 2018, we use the following formula:

CPI in 2018 - CPI in 1852CPI in 1852
×
100
=
Cumulative inflation rate (166 years)

Plugging in the values to this equation, we get:

251.10683333333 - 7.77.7
×
100
=
3,161%

News headlines from 1852

Politics and news often influence economic performance. Here's what was happening at the time:

  • what to the Slave is the Fourth of July speech was delivered by a fugitive slave Frederick Douglass, who condemned the celebration as a sham
  • The Independence of Transvaal, South Africa, is recognized by Great Britain.
  • American Geographical Society names George Bancroft as its first president.

Data Source & Citation

Raw data for these calculations comes from the Bureau of Labor Statistics' (CPI), established in 1913. Inflation data from 1665 to 1912 is sourced from a historical study conducted by political science professor Robert Sahr at Oregon State University.

You may use the following MLA citation for this page: “$3,370.14 in 1852 → 2018 | Inflation Calculator.” U.S. Official Inflation Data, Alioth Finance, 12 Dec. 2019, https://www.officialdata.org/1852-dollars-in-2018?amount=3370.14.

Special thanks to QuickChart for providing downloadable chart images.


About the author

Ian Webster is an engineer and data expert based in San Mateo, California. He has worked for Google, NASA, and consulted for governments around the world on data pipelines and data analysis. Disappointed by the lack of clear resources on the impacts of inflation on economic indicators, Ian believes this website serves as a valuable public tool. Ian earned his degree in Computer Science from Dartmouth College.

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» Read more about inflation and investment.

Inflation from 1852 to 2018
Cumulative price change 3,161.13%
Average inflation rate 2.12%
Converted amount ($3,370.14 base) $109,904.57
Price difference ($3,370.14 base) $106,534.43
CPI in 1852 7.700
CPI in 2018 251.107
Inflation in 1852 0.00%
Inflation in 2018 2.44%
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