$12 in 1828 is worth $303.17 in 2016

👉 You may be interested in $12 in 1828 → 2020

Value of $12 from 1828 to 2016

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics consumer price index, prices in 2016 are 2,426.39% higher than average prices since 1828. The U.S. dollar experienced an average inflation rate of 1.73% per year during this period, causing the real value of a dollar to decrease.

In other words, $12 in 1828 is equivalent in purchasing power to about $303.17 in 2016, a difference of $291.17 over 188 years.

The 1828 inflation rate was -5.00%. The inflation rate in 2016 was 1.26%. The 2016 inflation rate is lower compared to the average inflation rate of 1.66% per year between 2016 and 2020.


Inflation from 1828 to 2016
Cumulative price change 2,426.39%
Average inflation rate 1.73%
Converted amount ($12 base) $303.17
Price difference ($12 base) $291.17
CPI in 1828 9.500
CPI in 2016 240.007
Inflation in 1828 -5.00%
Inflation in 2016 1.26%

USD Inflation since 1635
Annual Rate, the Bureau of Labor Statistics CPI
Download

Buying power of $12 in 1828

This chart shows a calculation of buying power equivalence for $12 in 1828 (price index tracking began in 1635).

For example, if you started with $12, you would need to end with $303.17 in order to "adjust" for inflation (sometimes refered to as "beating inflation").

When $12 is equivalent to $303.17 over time, that means that the "real value" of a single U.S. dollar decreases over time. In other words, a dollar will pay for fewer items at the store.

This effect explains how inflation erodes the value of a dollar over time. By calculating the value in 1828 dollars, the chart below shows how $12 is worth less over 188 years.

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, each of these USD amounts below is equal in terms of what it could buy at the time:

Dollar inflation: 1828-2016
Year Dollar Value Inflation Rate
1828 $12.00 -5.00%
1829 $11.75 -2.11%
1830 $11.62 -1.08%
1831 $10.99 -5.43%
1832 $10.86 -1.15%
1833 $10.61 -2.33%
1834 $10.86 2.38%
1835 $11.12 2.33%
1836 $11.75 5.68%
1837 $12.13 3.23%
1838 $11.75 -3.12%
1839 $11.75 0.00%
1840 $10.99 -6.45%
1841 $10.99 0.00%
1842 $10.36 -5.75%
1843 $9.35 -9.76%
1844 $9.47 1.35%
1845 $9.60 1.33%
1846 $9.73 1.32%
1847 $10.36 6.49%
1848 $9.98 -3.66%
1849 $9.73 -2.53%
1850 $9.85 1.30%
1851 $9.73 -1.28%
1852 $9.73 0.00%
1853 $9.73 0.00%
1854 $10.61 9.09%
1855 $10.99 3.57%
1856 $10.74 -2.30%
1857 $10.99 2.35%
1858 $10.36 -5.75%
1859 $10.48 1.22%
1860 $10.48 0.00%
1861 $11.12 6.02%
1862 $12.76 14.77%
1863 $15.92 24.75%
1864 $19.83 24.60%
1865 $20.59 3.82%
1866 $20.08 -2.45%
1867 $18.69 -6.92%
1868 $17.94 -4.05%
1869 $17.18 -4.23%
1870 $16.55 -3.68%
1871 $15.41 -6.87%
1872 $15.41 0.00%
1873 $15.16 -1.64%
1874 $14.40 -5.00%
1875 $13.89 -3.51%
1876 $13.52 -2.73%
1877 $13.26 -1.87%
1878 $12.63 -4.76%
1879 $12.63 0.00%
1880 $12.88 2.00%
1881 $12.88 0.00%
1882 $12.88 0.00%
1883 $12.76 -0.98%
1884 $12.38 -2.97%
1885 $12.25 -1.02%
1886 $11.87 -3.09%
1887 $12.00 1.06%
1888 $12.00 0.00%
1889 $11.62 -3.16%
1890 $11.49 -1.09%
1891 $11.49 0.00%
1892 $11.49 0.00%
1893 $11.37 -1.10%
1894 $10.86 -4.44%
1895 $10.61 -2.33%
1896 $10.61 0.00%
1897 $10.48 -1.19%
1898 $10.48 0.00%
1899 $10.48 0.00%
1900 $10.61 1.20%
1901 $10.74 1.19%
1902 $10.86 1.18%
1903 $11.12 2.33%
1904 $11.24 1.14%
1905 $11.12 -1.12%
1906 $11.37 2.27%
1907 $11.87 4.44%
1908 $11.62 -2.13%
1909 $11.49 -1.09%
1910 $12.00 4.40%
1911 $12.00 0.00%
1912 $12.25 2.11%
1913 $12.51 2.06%
1914 $12.63 1.01%
1915 $12.76 1.00%
1916 $13.77 7.92%
1917 $16.17 17.43%
1918 $19.07 17.97%
1919 $21.85 14.57%
1920 $25.26 15.61%
1921 $22.61 -10.50%
1922 $21.22 -6.15%
1923 $21.60 1.79%
1924 $21.60 0.00%
1925 $22.11 2.34%
1926 $22.36 1.14%
1927 $21.98 -1.69%
1928 $21.60 -1.72%
1929 $21.60 0.00%
1930 $21.09 -2.34%
1931 $19.20 -8.98%
1932 $17.31 -9.87%
1933 $16.42 -5.11%
1934 $16.93 3.08%
1935 $17.31 2.24%
1936 $17.56 1.46%
1937 $18.19 3.60%
1938 $17.81 -2.08%
1939 $17.56 -1.42%
1940 $17.68 0.72%
1941 $18.57 5.00%
1942 $20.59 10.88%
1943 $21.85 6.13%
1944 $22.23 1.73%
1945 $22.74 2.27%
1946 $24.63 8.33%
1947 $28.17 14.36%
1948 $30.44 8.07%
1949 $30.06 -1.24%
1950 $30.44 1.26%
1951 $32.84 7.88%
1952 $33.47 1.92%
1953 $33.73 0.75%
1954 $33.98 0.75%
1955 $33.85 -0.37%
1956 $34.36 1.49%
1957 $35.49 3.31%
1958 $36.51 2.85%
1959 $36.76 0.69%
1960 $37.39 1.72%
1961 $37.77 1.01%
1962 $38.15 1.00%
1963 $38.65 1.32%
1964 $39.16 1.31%
1965 $39.79 1.61%
1966 $40.93 2.86%
1967 $42.19 3.09%
1968 $43.96 4.19%
1969 $46.36 5.46%
1970 $49.01 5.72%
1971 $51.16 4.38%
1972 $52.80 3.21%
1973 $56.08 6.22%
1974 $62.27 11.04%
1975 $67.96 9.13%
1976 $71.87 5.76%
1977 $76.55 6.50%
1978 $82.36 7.59%
1979 $91.71 11.35%
1980 $104.08 13.50%
1981 $114.82 10.32%
1982 $121.89 6.16%
1983 $125.81 3.21%
1984 $131.24 4.32%
1985 $135.92 3.56%
1986 $138.44 1.86%
1987 $143.49 3.65%
1988 $149.43 4.14%
1989 $156.63 4.82%
1990 $165.09 5.40%
1991 $172.04 4.21%
1992 $177.22 3.01%
1993 $182.53 2.99%
1994 $187.20 2.56%
1995 $192.51 2.83%
1996 $198.19 2.95%
1997 $202.74 2.29%
1998 $205.89 1.56%
1999 $210.44 2.21%
2000 $217.52 3.36%
2001 $223.71 2.85%
2002 $227.24 1.58%
2003 $232.42 2.28%
2004 $238.61 2.66%
2005 $246.69 3.39%
2006 $254.65 3.23%
2007 $261.91 2.85%
2008 $271.96 3.84%
2009 $270.99 -0.36%
2010 $275.44 1.64%
2011 $284.13 3.16%
2012 $290.01 2.07%
2013 $294.26 1.46%
2014 $299.03 1.62%
2015 $299.39 0.12%
2016 $303.17 1.26%
2017 $309.63 2.13%
2018 $317.34 2.49%
2019 $322.94 1.76%
2020 $323.87 0.29%*
* Compared to previous annual rate. Not final. See inflation summary for latest 12-month trailing value.
Click to show 182 more rows

This conversion table shows various other 1828 amounts in 2016 dollars, based on the 2,426.39% change in prices:

Conversion Table: Value of a dollar in 2016
Initial value Equivalent value
$1 dollar in 1828 $25.26 dollars in 2016
$5 dollars in 1828 $126.32 dollars in 2016
$10 dollars in 1828 $252.64 dollars in 2016
$50 dollars in 1828 $1,263.19 dollars in 2016
$100 dollars in 1828 $2,526.39 dollars in 2016
$500 dollars in 1828 $12,631.95 dollars in 2016
$1,000 dollars in 1828 $25,263.89 dollars in 2016
$5,000 dollars in 1828 $126,319.47 dollars in 2016
$10,000 dollars in 1828 $252,638.95 dollars in 2016
$50,000 dollars in 1828 $1,263,194.74 dollars in 2016
$100,000 dollars in 1828 $2,526,389.47 dollars in 2016
$500,000 dollars in 1828 $12,631,947.37 dollars in 2016
$1,000,000 dollars in 1828 $25,263,894.74 dollars in 2016

Inflation by Country

Inflation can also vary widely by country. For comparison, in the UK £12.00 in 1828 would be equivalent to £1,197.35 in 2016, an absolute change of £1,185.35 and a cumulative change of 9,877.88%.

Compare these numbers to the US's overall absolute change of $291.17 and total percent change of 2,426.39%.


Inflation by Spending Category

CPI is the weighted combination of many categories of spending that are tracked by the government. Breaking down these categories helps explain the main drivers behind price changes. This chart shows the average rate of inflation for select CPI categories between 1828 and 2016.

Compare these values to the overall average of 1.73% per year:

Category Avg Inflation (%) Total Inflation (%) $12 in 1828 → 2016
Food and beverages 4.07 182,182.73 21,873.93
Housing 4.31 281,014.95 33,733.79
Apparel 2.09 4,827.44 591.29
Transportation 3.29 43,566.16 5,239.94
Medical care 5.25 1,517,283.98 182,086.08
Recreation 1.11 690.37 94.84
Education and communication 2.14 5,216.61 637.99
Other goods and services 5.21 1,410,837.63 169,312.52

The graph below compares inflation in categories of goods over time. Click on a category such as "Food" to toggle it on or off:

For all these visualizations, it's important to note that not all categories may have been tracked since 1828. This table and charts use the earliest available data for each category.



How to Calculate Inflation Rate for $12, 1828 to 2016

Our calculations use the following inflation rate formula to calculate the change in value between 1828 and 2016:

CPI in 2016 CPI in 1828
×
1828 USD value
=
2016 USD value

Then plug in historical CPI values. The U.S. CPI was 9.5 in the year 1828 and 240.007 in 2016:

240.0079.5
×
$12
=
$303.17

$12 in 1828 has the same "purchasing power" or "buying power" as $303.17 in 2016.

To get the total inflation rate for the 188 years between 1828 and 2016, we use the following formula:

CPI in 2016 - CPI in 1828CPI in 1828
×
100
=
Cumulative inflation rate (188 years)

Plugging in the values to this equation, we get:

240.007 - 9.59.5
×
100
=
2,426%

News headlines from 1828

Politics and news often influence economic performance. Here's what was happening at the time:

  • The first commercial railroad is commissioned in Baltimore and Ohio.
  • The Freedom Journal, is published for the first time, it is the first black newspaper

Data Source & Citation

Raw data for these calculations comes from the Bureau of Labor Statistics' (CPI), established in 1913. Inflation data from 1665 to 1912 is sourced from a historical study conducted by political science professor Robert Sahr at Oregon State University.

You may use the following MLA citation for this page: “$12 in 1828 → 2016 | Inflation Calculator.” Official Inflation Data, Alioth Finance, 15 Jul. 2020, https://www.officialdata.org/1828-dollars-in-2016?amount=12.

Special thanks to QuickChart for their chart image API, which is used for chart downloads.


Ian Webster

About the author

Ian Webster is an engineer and data expert based in San Mateo, California. He has worked for Google, NASA, and consulted for governments around the world on data pipelines and data analysis. Disappointed by the lack of clear resources on the impacts of inflation on economic indicators, Ian believes this website serves as a valuable public tool. Ian earned his degree in Computer Science from Dartmouth College.

Email · LinkedIn · Twitter


» Read more about inflation and investment.

Inflation from 1828 to 2016
Cumulative price change 2,426.39%
Average inflation rate 1.73%
Converted amount ($12 base) $303.17
Price difference ($12 base) $291.17
CPI in 1828 9.500
CPI in 2016 240.007
Inflation in 1828 -5.00%
Inflation in 2016 1.26%