$100 in 1821 → $2,169.20 in 2017

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U.S. Inflation Rate, $100 in 1821 to 2017

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics consumer price index, prices in 2017 are 2,069.20% higher than prices in 1821. The dollar experienced an average inflation rate of 1.58% per year during this period.

In other words, $100 in 1821 is equivalent in purchasing power to $2,169.20 in 2017, a difference of $2,069.20 over 196 years.

The 1821 inflation rate was -3.42%. The inflation rate in 2017 was 2.13%. The 2017 inflation rate is lower compared to the average inflation rate of 2.87% per year between 2017 and 2018.


Inflation from 1821 to 2017
Cumulative price change 2069.20%
Average inflation rate 1.58%
Converted amount ($100 base) $2,169.20
Price difference ($100 base) $2,069.20
CPI in 1821 11.3
CPI in 2017 245.12
Inflation in 1821 -3.42%
Inflation in 2017 2.13%


U.S. inflation chart since 1665


Buying power of $100 since 1821

This chart shows calculations of buying power equivalence over time for $100 in 1821 (price index tracking began in 1635).

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, each of these USD amounts below is equal in terms of what it could buy at the time:

Year USD Value Inflation Rate
1821 $100.00 -3.42%
1822 $103.54 3.54%
1823 $92.92 -10.26%
1824 $85.84 -7.62%
1825 $87.61 2.06%
1826 $87.61 0.00%
1827 $88.50 1.01%
1828 $84.07 -5.00%
1829 $82.30 -2.11%
1830 $81.42 -1.08%
1831 $76.99 -5.43%
1832 $76.11 -1.15%
1833 $74.34 -2.33%
1834 $76.11 2.38%
1835 $77.88 2.33%
1836 $82.30 5.68%
1837 $84.96 3.23%
1838 $82.30 -3.12%
1839 $82.30 0.00%
1840 $76.99 -6.45%
1841 $76.99 0.00%
1842 $72.57 -5.75%
1843 $65.49 -9.76%
1844 $66.37 1.35%
1845 $67.26 1.33%
1846 $68.14 1.32%
1847 $72.57 6.49%
1848 $69.91 -3.66%
1849 $68.14 -2.53%
1850 $69.03 1.30%
1851 $68.14 -1.28%
1852 $68.14 0.00%
1853 $68.14 0.00%
1854 $74.34 9.09%
1855 $76.99 3.57%
1856 $75.22 -2.30%
1857 $76.99 2.35%
1858 $72.57 -5.75%
1859 $73.45 1.22%
1860 $73.45 0.00%
1861 $77.88 6.02%
1862 $89.38 14.77%
1863 $111.50 24.75%
1864 $138.94 24.60%
1865 $144.25 3.82%
1866 $140.71 -2.45%
1867 $130.97 -6.92%
1868 $125.66 -4.05%
1869 $120.35 -4.23%
1870 $115.93 -3.68%
1871 $107.96 -6.87%
1872 $107.96 0.00%
1873 $106.19 -1.64%
1874 $100.88 -5.00%
1875 $97.35 -3.51%
1876 $94.69 -2.73%
1877 $92.92 -1.87%
1878 $88.50 -4.76%
1879 $88.50 0.00%
1880 $90.27 2.00%
1881 $90.27 0.00%
1882 $90.27 0.00%
1883 $89.38 -0.98%
1884 $86.73 -2.97%
1885 $85.84 -1.02%
1886 $83.19 -3.09%
1887 $84.07 1.06%
1888 $84.07 0.00%
1889 $81.42 -3.16%
1890 $80.53 -1.09%
1891 $80.53 0.00%
1892 $80.53 0.00%
1893 $79.65 -1.10%
1894 $76.11 -4.44%
1895 $74.34 -2.33%
1896 $74.34 0.00%
1897 $73.45 -1.19%
1898 $73.45 0.00%
1899 $73.45 0.00%
1900 $74.34 1.20%
1901 $75.22 1.19%
1902 $76.11 1.18%
1903 $77.88 2.33%
1904 $78.76 1.14%
1905 $77.88 -1.12%
1906 $79.65 2.27%
1907 $83.19 4.44%
1908 $81.42 -2.13%
1909 $80.53 -1.09%
1910 $84.07 4.40%
1911 $84.07 0.00%
1912 $85.84 2.11%
1913 $87.61 2.06%
1914 $88.50 1.01%
1915 $89.38 1.00%
1916 $96.46 7.92%
1917 $113.27 17.43%
1918 $133.63 17.97%
1919 $153.10 14.57%
1920 $176.99 15.61%
1921 $158.41 -10.50%
1922 $148.67 -6.15%
1923 $151.33 1.79%
1924 $151.33 0.00%
1925 $154.87 2.34%
1926 $156.64 1.14%
1927 $153.98 -1.69%
1928 $151.33 -1.72%
1929 $151.33 0.00%
1930 $147.79 -2.34%
1931 $134.51 -8.98%
1932 $121.24 -9.87%
1933 $115.04 -5.11%
1934 $118.58 3.08%
1935 $121.24 2.24%
1936 $123.01 1.46%
1937 $127.43 3.60%
1938 $124.78 -2.08%
1939 $123.01 -1.42%
1940 $123.89 0.72%
1941 $130.09 5.00%
1942 $144.25 10.88%
1943 $153.10 6.13%
1944 $155.75 1.73%
1945 $159.29 2.27%
1946 $172.57 8.33%
1947 $197.35 14.36%
1948 $213.27 8.07%
1949 $210.62 -1.24%
1950 $213.27 1.26%
1951 $230.09 7.88%
1952 $234.51 1.92%
1953 $236.28 0.75%
1954 $238.05 0.75%
1955 $237.17 -0.37%
1956 $240.71 1.49%
1957 $248.67 3.31%
1958 $255.75 2.85%
1959 $257.52 0.69%
1960 $261.95 1.72%
1961 $264.60 1.01%
1962 $267.26 1.00%
1963 $270.80 1.32%
1964 $274.34 1.31%
1965 $278.76 1.61%
1966 $286.73 2.86%
1967 $295.58 3.09%
1968 $307.96 4.19%
1969 $324.78 5.46%
1970 $343.36 5.72%
1971 $358.41 4.38%
1972 $369.91 3.21%
1973 $392.92 6.22%
1974 $436.28 11.04%
1975 $476.11 9.13%
1976 $503.54 5.76%
1977 $536.28 6.50%
1978 $576.99 7.59%
1979 $642.48 11.35%
1980 $729.20 13.50%
1981 $804.42 10.32%
1982 $853.98 6.16%
1983 $881.42 3.21%
1984 $919.47 4.32%
1985 $952.21 3.56%
1986 $969.91 1.86%
1987 $1,005.31 3.65%
1988 $1,046.90 4.14%
1989 $1,097.35 4.82%
1990 $1,156.64 5.40%
1991 $1,205.31 4.21%
1992 $1,241.59 3.01%
1993 $1,278.76 2.99%
1994 $1,311.50 2.56%
1995 $1,348.67 2.83%
1996 $1,388.50 2.95%
1997 $1,420.35 2.29%
1998 $1,442.48 1.56%
1999 $1,474.34 2.21%
2000 $1,523.89 3.36%
2001 $1,567.26 2.85%
2002 $1,592.04 1.58%
2003 $1,628.32 2.28%
2004 $1,671.68 2.66%
2005 $1,728.32 3.39%
2006 $1,784.07 3.23%
2007 $1,834.88 2.85%
2008 $1,905.34 3.84%
2009 $1,898.56 -0.36%
2010 $1,929.70 1.64%
2011 $1,990.61 3.16%
2012 $2,031.81 2.07%
2013 $2,061.57 1.46%
2014 $2,095.01 1.62%
2015 $2,097.50 0.12%
2016 $2,123.96 1.26%
2017 $2,169.20 2.13%
2018 $2,231.38 2.87%*
* Compared to previous annual rate. Not final. See inflation summary for latest 12-month trailing value.

Inflation by Country

Inflation can also vary widely by country. For comparison, in the UK £100.00 in 1821 would be equivalent to £10,433.30 in 2017, an absolute change of £10,333.30 and a cumulative change of 10,333.30%.

Compare these numbers to the US's overall absolute change of $2,069.20 and total percent change of 2,069.20%.


Inflation by Spending Category

CPI is the weighted combination of many categories of spending that are tracked by the government. This chart shows the average rate of inflation for select CPI categories between 1821 and 2017.

Compare these values to the overall average of 1.58% per year:

Category Avg Inflation (%) Total Inflation (%) $100 in 1821 → 2017
Food 3.15 43,663.51 43,763.51
Shelter 4.12 272,770.98 272,870.98
Energy 3.83 157,976.96 158,076.96
Apparel 2.07 5,457.27 5,557.27
New vehicles 1.09 744.47 844.47
Used cars and trucks 0.63 240.27 340.27
Transportation services 3.34 62,525.27 62,625.27
Medical care services 5.15 1,868,596.00 1,868,696.00
Medical care commodities 4.35 419,294.66 419,394.66

It's important to note that not all categories may be tracked since 1821. This table and visualization use the earliest available data for each category.



How to Calculate Inflation Rate for $100, 1821 to 2017

This inflation calculator uses the following inflation rate formula:

CPI in 2017CPI in 1821
×
1821 USD value
=
2017 USD value

Then plug in historical CPI values. The U.S. CPI was 11.3 in the year 1821 and 245.12 in 2017:

245.1211.3
×
$100
=
$2,169.20

$100 in 1821 has the same "purchasing power" or "buying power" as $2,169.20 in 2017.

To get the total inflation rate for the 196 years between 1821 and 2017, we use the following formula:

CPI in 2017 - CPI in 1821CPI in 1821
×
100
=
Cumulative inflation rate (196 years)

Plugging in the values to this equation, we get:

245.12 - 11.311.3
×
100
=
2,069%

News headlines from 1821

Politics and news often influence economic performance. Here's what was happening at the time:

  • The Mexican war of Independence ends after Mexican revolutionary forces occupy Mexico City and the Spanish withdraw.
  • 30,000 Turks are massacred during the Greek war of Independence and Tripolitsa falls.
  • Antarctica is circumnavigated for the first time in an expedition led by Russian polar explorers Fabian Gottlieb von Bellinghausen.

Data Source & Citation

Raw data for these calculations comes from the Bureau of Labor Statistics' (CPI), established in 1913. Inflation data from 1665 to 1912 is sourced from a historical study conducted by political science professor Robert Sahr at Oregon State University.

You may use the following MLA citation for this page: “1821 dollars in 2017 | Inflation Calculator.” U.S. Official Inflation Data, Alioth Finance, 21 Sep. 2018, https://www.officialdata.org/1821-dollars-in-2017.


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