$100 in 1800 → $2,000.30 in 2018

Inflation Calculator

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U.S. Inflation Rate, $100 in 1800 to 2018

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics consumer price index, prices in 2018 are 1,900.30% higher than prices in 1800. The dollar experienced an average inflation rate of 1.38% per year during this period.

In other words, $100 in 1800 is equivalent in purchasing power to $2,000.30 in 2018, a difference of $1,900.30 over 218 years.

The 1800 inflation rate was 2.44%. The current inflation rate (2017 to 2018) is now 2.18%1. If this number holds, $100 today will be equivalent to $102.18 next year. The current inflation rate page gives more detail on the latest official inflation rates.


Inflation from 1800 to 2018
Cumulative price change 1,900.30%
Average inflation rate 1.38%
Converted amount ($100 base) $2,000.30
Price difference ($100 base) $1,900.30
CPI in 1800 12.600
CPI in 2018 252.038
Inflation in 1800 2.44%
Inflation in 2018 2.18%


U.S. inflation chart since 1665


Buying power of $100 since 1800

This chart shows calculations of buying power equivalence over time for $100 in 1800 (price index tracking began in 1635).

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, each of these USD amounts below is equal in terms of what it could buy at the time:

Year USD Value Inflation Rate
1800 $100.00 2.44%
1801 $100.79 0.79%
1802 $84.92 -15.75%
1803 $89.68 5.61%
1804 $93.65 4.42%
1805 $92.86 -0.85%
1806 $96.83 4.27%
1807 $92.06 -4.92%
1808 $100.00 8.62%
1809 $97.62 -2.38%
1810 $97.62 0.00%
1811 $103.97 6.50%
1812 $105.56 1.53%
1813 $126.98 20.30%
1814 $139.68 10.00%
1815 $122.22 -12.50%
1816 $111.90 -8.44%
1817 $105.56 -5.67%
1818 $100.79 -4.51%
1819 $100.79 0.00%
1820 $92.86 -7.87%
1821 $89.68 -3.42%
1822 $92.86 3.54%
1823 $83.33 -10.26%
1824 $76.98 -7.62%
1825 $78.57 2.06%
1826 $78.57 0.00%
1827 $79.37 1.01%
1828 $75.40 -5.00%
1829 $73.81 -2.11%
1830 $73.02 -1.08%
1831 $69.05 -5.43%
1832 $68.25 -1.15%
1833 $66.67 -2.33%
1834 $68.25 2.38%
1835 $69.84 2.33%
1836 $73.81 5.68%
1837 $76.19 3.23%
1838 $73.81 -3.12%
1839 $73.81 0.00%
1840 $69.05 -6.45%
1841 $69.05 0.00%
1842 $65.08 -5.75%
1843 $58.73 -9.76%
1844 $59.52 1.35%
1845 $60.32 1.33%
1846 $61.11 1.32%
1847 $65.08 6.49%
1848 $62.70 -3.66%
1849 $61.11 -2.53%
1850 $61.90 1.30%
1851 $61.11 -1.28%
1852 $61.11 0.00%
1853 $61.11 0.00%
1854 $66.67 9.09%
1855 $69.05 3.57%
1856 $67.46 -2.30%
1857 $69.05 2.35%
1858 $65.08 -5.75%
1859 $65.87 1.22%
1860 $65.87 0.00%
1861 $69.84 6.02%
1862 $80.16 14.77%
1863 $100.00 24.75%
1864 $124.60 24.60%
1865 $129.37 3.82%
1866 $126.19 -2.45%
1867 $117.46 -6.92%
1868 $112.70 -4.05%
1869 $107.94 -4.23%
1870 $103.97 -3.68%
1871 $96.83 -6.87%
1872 $96.83 0.00%
1873 $95.24 -1.64%
1874 $90.48 -5.00%
1875 $87.30 -3.51%
1876 $84.92 -2.73%
1877 $83.33 -1.87%
1878 $79.37 -4.76%
1879 $79.37 0.00%
1880 $80.95 2.00%
1881 $80.95 0.00%
1882 $80.95 0.00%
1883 $80.16 -0.98%
1884 $77.78 -2.97%
1885 $76.98 -1.02%
1886 $74.60 -3.09%
1887 $75.40 1.06%
1888 $75.40 0.00%
1889 $73.02 -3.16%
1890 $72.22 -1.09%
1891 $72.22 0.00%
1892 $72.22 0.00%
1893 $71.43 -1.10%
1894 $68.25 -4.44%
1895 $66.67 -2.33%
1896 $66.67 0.00%
1897 $65.87 -1.19%
1898 $65.87 0.00%
1899 $65.87 0.00%
1900 $66.67 1.20%
1901 $67.46 1.19%
1902 $68.25 1.18%
1903 $69.84 2.33%
1904 $70.63 1.14%
1905 $69.84 -1.12%
1906 $71.43 2.27%
1907 $74.60 4.44%
1908 $73.02 -2.13%
1909 $72.22 -1.09%
1910 $75.40 4.40%
1911 $75.40 0.00%
1912 $76.98 2.11%
1913 $78.57 2.06%
1914 $79.37 1.01%
1915 $80.16 1.00%
1916 $86.51 7.92%
1917 $101.59 17.43%
1918 $119.84 17.97%
1919 $137.30 14.57%
1920 $158.73 15.61%
1921 $142.06 -10.50%
1922 $133.33 -6.15%
1923 $135.71 1.79%
1924 $135.71 0.00%
1925 $138.89 2.34%
1926 $140.48 1.14%
1927 $138.10 -1.69%
1928 $135.71 -1.72%
1929 $135.71 0.00%
1930 $132.54 -2.34%
1931 $120.63 -8.98%
1932 $108.73 -9.87%
1933 $103.17 -5.11%
1934 $106.35 3.08%
1935 $108.73 2.24%
1936 $110.32 1.46%
1937 $114.29 3.60%
1938 $111.90 -2.08%
1939 $110.32 -1.42%
1940 $111.11 0.72%
1941 $116.67 5.00%
1942 $129.37 10.88%
1943 $137.30 6.13%
1944 $139.68 1.73%
1945 $142.86 2.27%
1946 $154.76 8.33%
1947 $176.98 14.36%
1948 $191.27 8.07%
1949 $188.89 -1.24%
1950 $191.27 1.26%
1951 $206.35 7.88%
1952 $210.32 1.92%
1953 $211.90 0.75%
1954 $213.49 0.75%
1955 $212.70 -0.37%
1956 $215.87 1.49%
1957 $223.02 3.31%
1958 $229.37 2.85%
1959 $230.95 0.69%
1960 $234.92 1.72%
1961 $237.30 1.01%
1962 $239.68 1.00%
1963 $242.86 1.32%
1964 $246.03 1.31%
1965 $250.00 1.61%
1966 $257.14 2.86%
1967 $265.08 3.09%
1968 $276.19 4.19%
1969 $291.27 5.46%
1970 $307.94 5.72%
1971 $321.43 4.38%
1972 $331.75 3.21%
1973 $352.38 6.22%
1974 $391.27 11.04%
1975 $426.98 9.13%
1976 $451.59 5.76%
1977 $480.95 6.50%
1978 $517.46 7.59%
1979 $576.19 11.35%
1980 $653.97 13.50%
1981 $721.43 10.32%
1982 $765.87 6.16%
1983 $790.48 3.21%
1984 $824.60 4.32%
1985 $853.97 3.56%
1986 $869.84 1.86%
1987 $901.59 3.65%
1988 $938.89 4.14%
1989 $984.13 4.82%
1990 $1,037.30 5.40%
1991 $1,080.95 4.21%
1992 $1,113.49 3.01%
1993 $1,146.83 2.99%
1994 $1,176.19 2.56%
1995 $1,209.52 2.83%
1996 $1,245.24 2.95%
1997 $1,273.81 2.29%
1998 $1,293.65 1.56%
1999 $1,322.22 2.21%
2000 $1,366.67 3.36%
2001 $1,405.56 2.85%
2002 $1,427.78 1.58%
2003 $1,460.32 2.28%
2004 $1,499.21 2.66%
2005 $1,550.00 3.39%
2006 $1,600.00 3.23%
2007 $1,645.57 2.85%
2008 $1,708.75 3.84%
2009 $1,702.67 -0.36%
2010 $1,730.60 1.64%
2011 $1,785.23 3.16%
2012 $1,822.17 2.07%
2013 $1,848.87 1.46%
2014 $1,878.86 1.62%
2015 $1,881.09 0.12%
2016 $1,904.82 1.26%
2017 $1,945.40 2.13%
2018 $2,000.30 2.82%*
* Compared to previous annual rate. Not final. See inflation summary for latest 12-month trailing value.

Inflation by Country

Inflation can also vary widely by country. For comparison, in the UK £100.00 in 1800 would be equivalent to £8,135.35 in 2018, an absolute change of £8,035.35 and a cumulative change of 8,035.35%.

Compare these numbers to the US's overall absolute change of $1,900.30 and total percent change of 1,900.30%.


Inflation by Spending Category

CPI is the weighted combination of many categories of spending that are tracked by the government. This chart shows the average rate of inflation for select CPI categories between 1800 and 2018.

Compare these values to the overall average of 1.38% per year:

Category Avg Inflation (%) Total Inflation (%) $100 in 1800 → 2018
Food 3.13 83,375.91 83,475.91
Shelter 4.10 643,704.14 643,804.14
Energy 3.89 411,356.63 411,456.63
Apparel 2.05 8,330.90 8,430.90
New vehicles 1.05 882.99 982.99
Used cars and trucks 0.61 279.81 379.81
Transportation services 3.35 130,253.16 130,353.16
Medical care services 5.11 5,215,568.28 5,215,668.28
Medical care commodities 4.28 937,866.13 937,966.13

It's important to note that not all categories may be tracked since 1800. This table and visualization use the earliest available data for each category.



How to Calculate Inflation Rate for $100 since 1800

This inflation calculator uses the following inflation rate formula:

CPI in 2018CPI in 1800
×
1800 USD value
=
2018 USD value

Then plug in historical CPI values. The U.S. CPI was 12.6 in the year 1800 and 252.038 in 2018:

252.03812.6
×
$100
=
$2,000.30

$100 in 1800 has the same "purchasing power" or "buying power" as $2,000.30 in 2018.

To get the total inflation rate for the 218 years between 1800 and 2018, we use the following formula:

CPI in 2018 - CPI in 1800CPI in 1800
×
100
=
Cumulative inflation rate (218 years)

Plugging in the values to this equation, we get:

252.038 - 12.612.6
×
100
=
1,900%

News headlines from 1800

Politics and news often influence economic performance. Here's what was happening at the time:

  • First session of Congress held at under-construction Capitol building in Washington D.C.
  • First cowpox vaccination (for smallpox prevention) in the United States. The vaccine was given by Dr Benjamin Waterhouse to his son.
  • The free African American community of Philadelphia submits its first petition to US Congress for the abolition of slavery.
  • Barnaba Niccoclo Maria Luigi Chiaramonti elected pope, taking the name Pope Pius VII.
  • A Smallpox vaccine is invented by Doctor Benjamin Waterhouse leading to the first immunization against the disease.
  • Congress holds its first session in the, at the time, still incomplete Capitol building in Washington D.C.
  • The French army defeats the Turks at Helipolis, after which they advanced on to Cairo.

Data Source & Citation

Raw data for these calculations comes from the Bureau of Labor Statistics' (CPI), established in 1913. Inflation data from 1665 to 1912 is sourced from a historical study conducted by political science professor Robert Sahr at Oregon State University.

You may use the following MLA citation for this page: “1800 dollars in 2018 | Inflation Calculator.” U.S. Official Inflation Data, Alioth Finance, 12 Dec. 2018, https://www.officialdata.org/1800-dollars-in-2018.


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