Food at home priced at $20 in 2000 $28.52 in 2018

Historical Price Inflation for Food at home

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Prices for Food At Home, 2000-2018 ($20)

According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, prices for food at home were 42.62% higher in 2018 versus 2000 (a $8.52 difference in value).

Between 2000 and 2018: Food at home experienced an average inflation rate of 1.99% per year. In other words, food at home costing $20 in the year 2000 would cost $28.52 in 2018 for an equivalent purchase. Compared to the overall inflation rate of 2.12% during this same period, inflation for food at home was lower.

In the year 2000: Pricing changed by 2.23%, which is above the average yearly change for food at home during the 2000-2018 time period. Compared to inflation for all items in 2000 (3.38%), inflation for food at home was lower.

Price Inflation for Food at home since 1984

Consumer Price Index, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
Years with the largest changes in pricing: 1990 (6.55%), 1989 (6.55%), and 2008 (6.40%).

Raw Consumer Price Index data from U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics for Food at home:

Year 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
CPI 102.800 104.300 107.267 111.900 116.567 124.200 132.333 135.833 136.833 140.067 144.100 148.767 154.300 158.133 161.100 164.233 167.900 173.367 175.600 179.400 186.200 189.800 193.100 201.245 214.125 215.124 215.836 226.201 231.774 233.869 239.456 242.250 239.065 238.589 239.458

View price changes for other categories
Medical care · Food · Indoor plants and flowers · Bananas · More

Buying power of $20 since 2000

Below are calculations of equivalent buying power for Food at home, over time, for $20 beginning in 2000. Each of the amounts below is equivalent in terms of what it could buy at the time:

Year USD Value Inflation Rate
2000 $20.00 2.23%
2001 $20.65 3.26%
2002 $20.92 1.29%
2003 $21.37 2.16%
2004 $22.18 3.79%
2005 $22.61 1.93%
2006 $23.00 1.74%
2007 $23.97 4.22%
2008 $25.51 6.40%
2009 $25.63 0.47%
2010 $25.71 0.33%
2011 $26.94 4.80%
2012 $27.61 2.46%
2013 $27.86 0.90%
2014 $28.52 2.39%
2015 $28.86 1.17%
2016 $28.48 -1.31%
2017 $28.42 -0.20%
2018 $28.52 0.36%*
* Not final. See inflation summary for latest details.

How to calculate the inflation rate for food at home, 2000-2018

Start with the inflation rate formula:

CPI in 2018 / CPI in 2000 * 2000 USD value = 2018 USD value

Then plug in historical CPI values from above. The CPI for Food at home was 167.900 in the year 2000 and 239.458 in 2018:

239.458 / 167.900 * $20 = $28.52

Therefore, according to U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, $20 in 2000 has the same "purchasing power" as $28.52 in 2018 (in the CPI category of Food at home).


Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics began tracking the Consumer Price Index for Food at home in 1984. In addition to food at home, the index produces monthly data on changes in prices paid by urban consumers for a variety of goods and services.

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