U.S. CPI By Year

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is determined by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, which is part of the Department of Labor. The CPI is important because it is used to determine the overall inflation rate. This page contains a history of the yearly CPI since its inception 1913. If you'd like to convert prices from one year to another year or compare purchasing power using the CPI, you should use our inflation calculator.

The latest annual CPI is 288.35. The numbers below reflect the yearly CPI, which is usually taken by averaging the CPI of all the months. The current CPI and inflation rate is determined by the Bureau of Labor Statistics roughly every month. The report is usually delayed as the agency collects the necessary information in order to determine CPI.


CPI Chart, 1913-2022

Values went from 9.88 in 1913 to 288.35 in 2022.

This graph displays annual CPI values. For monthly CPI values, have a look at 12-month trailing inflation rate.

U.S. CPI By Year

CPI Table, 1913-2022 (Yearly)

This table displays the annual U.S. Consumer Price Index by year.

YearCPIChangeYear-over-year (%)
2022288.3517.386.41
2021270.9712.164.70
2020258.813.151.23
2019255.664.551.81
2018251.115.992.44
2017245.125.112.13
2016240.012.991.26
2015237.020.280.12
2014236.743.781.62
2013232.963.361.46
2012229.594.652.07
2011224.946.883.16
2010218.063.521.64
2009214.54-0.77-0.36
2008215.307.963.84
2007207.345.752.85
2006201.596.303.23
2005195.296.413.39
2004188.884.922.68
2003183.964.082.27
2002179.882.811.59
2001177.074.872.83
2000172.205.623.38
1999166.583.572.19
1998163.012.491.55
1997160.523.662.33
1996156.854.472.93
1995152.384.162.81
1994148.223.762.60
1993144.464.152.95
1992140.324.123.03
1991136.195.534.23
1990130.666.695.40
1989123.975.714.83
1988118.264.644.08
1987113.624.023.66
1986109.612.041.90
1985107.573.683.55
1984103.884.284.30
198399.603.103.21
198296.505.586.13
198190.928.5210.33
198082.419.8313.55
197972.587.3511.26
197865.234.627.63
197760.613.706.50
197656.913.095.75
197553.824.519.14
197449.314.9111.05
197344.402.586.18
197241.821.323.27
197140.491.674.30
197038.822.145.83
196936.681.905.46
196834.781.424.27
196733.360.912.80
196632.450.953
196531.510.491.59
196431.020.391.28
196330.620.381.25
196230.250.351.18
196129.890.321.07
196029.580.431.48
195929.150.280.99
195828.860.772.74
195728.090.913.34
195627.180.411.52
195526.78-0.08-0.29
195426.850.090.34
195326.760.220.81
195226.550.582.25
195125.961.897.86
195024.070.261.10
194923.81-0.24-0.99
194824.051.727.72
194722.322.8114.39
194619.521.528.47
194517.990.402.27
194417.590.281.64
194317.310.985.98
194216.331.6110.92
194114.720.725.11
194014.010.100.72
193913.91-0.18-1.31
193814.09-0.29-2.03
193714.380.523.72
193613.870.151.07
193513.720.342.53
193413.380.453.45
193312.94-0.71-5.19
193213.65-1.56-10.27
193115.21-1.49-8.94
193016.70-0.45-2.65
192917.1500
192817.15-0.21-1.20
192717.36-0.34-1.91
192617.700.160.92
192517.540.422.43
192417.120.070.41
192317.050.301.79
192216.75-1.10-6.16
192117.85-2.18-10.90
192020.042.7115.62
191917.332.2815.18
191815.052.2217.34
191712.821.9417.81
191610.880.787.69
191510.110.090.92
191410.020.131.32
19139.8800

Ian Webster

About the author

Ian Webster is an engineer and data expert based in San Mateo, California. He has worked for Google, NASA, and consulted for governments around the world on data pipelines and data analysis. Disappointed by the lack of clear resources on the impacts of inflation on economic indicators, Ian believes this website serves as a valuable public tool. Ian earned his degree in Computer Science from Dartmouth College.

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