UK inflation rate in 1919: 10.05%

UK Inflation Calculator

£

Inflation since 1919 and its effect on pound value

The composite price index (CPI) in 1919 was 21.9. It was 19.9 in the previous year. This change in CPI is used by the Office for National Statistics to calculate inflation.

According to the Office for National Statistics composite price index, the pound experienced an average inflation rate of 4.03% per year. Prices in 2018 are 4914.9% higher than prices in 1919.

In other words, £100 in 1919 is equivalent in purchasing power to £5,014.94 in 2018, a difference of £4,914.94 over 99 years.

The current inflation rate is now 2.20%1. If this number holds, £100 today will be equivalent to £102.20 next year.

Inflation from 1919 to 2018
Cumulative price change 4914.94%
Average inflation rate 4.03%
Converted amount (£100 base) £5,014.94
Price difference (£100 base) £4,914.94
CPI in 1919 21.9
CPI in 2018 1098.27186


UK inflation chart from 1988 to 2017. Based on the UK Consumer Price Index.


How to calculate the inflation rate for £100 since 1919

This inflation calculator uses the following inflation rate formula:

CPI in 2018 / CPI in 1919 * 1919 GBP value = 2018 GBP value

Then plug in historical CPI values. The UK CPI was 21.9 in the year 1919 and 1098.27186 in 2018:

1098.27186 / 21.9 * £100 = £5,014.94

£100 in 1919 has the same "purchasing power" or "buying power" as £5,014.94 in 2018.


Here are calculations of buying power over time for £100 in 1919 (price index tracking began in 1750). Each of these GBP amounts below is equivalent in terms of what it could buy at the time:
Year GBP Value Inflation Rate
1919 £100.00 10.05%
1920 £115.53 15.53%
1921 £105.48 -8.70%
1922 £90.87 -13.85%
1923 £85.39 -6.03%
1924 £84.93 -0.53%
1925 £84.93 0.00%
1926 £84.47 -0.54%
1927 £82.19 -2.70%
1928 £82.19 0.00%
1929 £81.28 -1.11%
1930 £79.00 -2.81%
1931 £75.80 -4.05%
1932 £73.97 -2.41%
1933 £72.15 -2.47%
1934 £72.15 0.00%
1935 £72.60 0.63%
1936 £73.06 0.63%
1937 £75.80 3.75%
1938 £76.71 1.20%
1939 £79.00 2.98%
1940 £92.24 16.76%
1941 £102.28 10.89%
1942 £109.59 7.14%
1943 £113.24 3.33%
1944 £116.44 2.82%
1945 £119.63 2.75%
1946 £123.29 3.05%
1947 £131.96 7.04%
1948 £142.01 7.61%
1949 £146.12 2.89%
1950 £150.68 3.13%
1951 £164.38 9.09%
1952 £179.45 9.17%
1953 £184.93 3.05%
1954 £188.58 1.98%
1955 £196.80 4.36%
1956 £206.85 5.10%
1957 £214.16 3.53%
1958 £221.00 3.20%
1959 £221.92 0.41%
1960 £224.20 1.03%
1961 £231.96 3.46%
1962 £242.01 4.33%
1963 £246.58 1.89%
1964 £254.79 3.33%
1965 £266.67 4.66%
1966 £277.17 3.94%
1967 £284.47 2.64%
1968 £297.72 4.65%
1969 £313.70 5.37%
1970 £333.79 6.40%
1971 £365.30 9.44%
1972 £391.32 7.13%
1973 £426.94 9.10%
1974 £495.43 16.04%
1975 £615.53 24.24%
1976 £717.35 16.54%
1977 £831.05 15.85%
1978 £900.00 8.30%
1979 £1,020.55 13.39%
1980 £1,204.11 17.99%
1981 £1,347.03 11.87%
1982 £1,463.01 8.61%
1983 £1,530.14 4.59%
1984 £1,606.39 4.98%
1985 £1,704.11 6.08%
1986 £1,762.10 3.40%
1987 £1,835.62 4.17%
1988 £1,925.57 4.90%
1989 £2,075.34 7.78%
1990 £2,271.69 9.46%
1991 £2,405.02 5.87%
1992 £2,494.98 3.74%
1993 £2,534.70 1.59%
1994 £2,595.89 2.41%
1995 £2,685.84 3.47%
1996 £2,750.68 2.41%
1997 £2,836.99 3.14%
1998 £2,934.25 3.43%
1999 £2,979.45 1.54%
2000 £3,067.58 2.96%
2001 £3,121.92 1.77%
2002 £3,173.97 1.67%
2003 £3,265.75 2.89%
2004 £3,363.01 2.98%
2005 £3,457.99 2.82%
2006 £3,568.49 3.20%
2007 £3,721.46 4.29%
2008 £3,869.86 3.99%
2009 £3,849.32 -0.53%
2010 £4,026.94 4.61%
2011 £4,236.53 5.20%
2012 £4,372.60 3.21%
2013 £4,505.48 3.04%
2014 £4,611.87 2.36%
2015 £4,657.53 0.99%
2016 £4,736.71 1.70%
2017 £4,906.99 3.59%
2018 £5,014.94 2.20%*
* Not final. See inflation summary for latest details.

News headlines from 1919

Politics and news often influence economic performance. Here's what was happening at the time:

  • The German Farmer's Party, which would later develop into National Socialist Party, is formed.
  • The Bolshevik party re-establishes the idea of a five-member Politburo at the 8th Congress of the Russian Communist Party, making it the central body of political power in the Soviet Union. Its first members were Vladimir Lenin, Leon Trotsky, Joseph Stalin, Lev Kamenev and Nikolai Krestinsky.
  • The Turkish War of Independence begins after Mustafa Kemal Ataturk's lands at Samsun, on the Black Sea.
  • The Treaty of Versailles is signed ending World War I and establishing the League of Nations.

Inflation Data Source

Raw data for these calculations comes from the composite price index published by the UK Office for National Statistics (ONS). A composite index is created by combining price data from several different published sources, both official and unofficial. The Consumer Price Index, normally used to compute inflation, has only been tracked since 1988. All inflation calculations after 1988 use the Office for National Statistics' Consumer Price Index, except for 2017, which is based on The Bank of England's forecast.

You may use the following MLA citation for this page: “Inflation Rate in 1919 | UK Inflation Calculator.” U.S. Official Inflation Data, Alioth Finance, 13 Jun. 2018, https://www.officialdata.org/UK-inflation-rate-in-1919.


» Read more about inflation.