UK inflation rate in 1863: -3.23%

UK Inflation Calculator

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Inflation since 1863 and its effect on pound value

The composite price index (CPI) in 1863 was 9. It was 9.3 in the previous year. This change in CPI is used by the Office for National Statistics to calculate inflation.

According to the Office for National Statistics composite price index, the pound experienced an average inflation rate of 3.15% per year. Prices in 2018 are 12103.0% higher than prices in 1863.

In other words, £100 in 1863 is equivalent in purchasing power to £12,203.02 in 2018, a difference of £12,103.02 over 155 years.

The current inflation rate is now 2.20%1. If this number holds, £100 today will be equivalent to £102.20 next year.

Inflation from 1863 to 2018
Cumulative price change 12103.02%
Average inflation rate 3.15%
Converted amount (£100 base) £12,203.02
Price difference (£100 base) £12,103.02
CPI in 1863 9
CPI in 2018 1098.27186


UK inflation chart from 1988 to 2017. Based on the UK Consumer Price Index.


How to calculate the inflation rate for £100 since 1863

This inflation calculator uses the following inflation rate formula:

CPI in 2018 / CPI in 1863 * 1863 GBP value = 2018 GBP value

Then plug in historical CPI values. The UK CPI was 9 in the year 1863 and 1098.27186 in 2018:

1098.27186 / 9 * £100 = £12,203.02

£100 in 1863 has the same "purchasing power" or "buying power" as £12,203.02 in 2018.


Buying power of £100 since 1863

Below are calculations of buying power over time for £100 in 1863 (price index tracking began in 1750). Each of these GBP amounts below is equivalent in terms of what it could buy at the time:

Year GBP Value Inflation Rate
1863 £100.00 -3.23%
1864 £98.89 -1.11%
1865 £100.00 1.12%
1866 £105.56 5.56%
1867 £112.22 6.32%
1868 £111.11 -0.99%
1869 £105.56 -5.00%
1870 £105.56 0.00%
1871 £106.67 1.05%
1872 £111.11 4.17%
1873 £115.56 4.00%
1874 £111.11 -3.85%
1875 £108.89 -2.00%
1876 £108.89 0.00%
1877 £107.78 -1.02%
1878 £105.56 -2.06%
1879 £101.11 -4.21%
1880 £104.44 3.30%
1881 £103.33 -1.06%
1882 £104.44 1.08%
1883 £103.33 -1.06%
1884 £101.11 -2.15%
1885 £97.78 -3.30%
1886 £96.67 -1.14%
1887 £95.56 -1.15%
1888 £96.67 1.16%
1889 £97.78 1.15%
1890 £97.78 0.00%
1891 £98.89 1.14%
1892 £98.89 0.00%
1893 £97.78 -1.12%
1894 £96.67 -1.14%
1895 £95.56 -1.15%
1896 £94.44 -1.16%
1897 £96.67 2.35%
1898 £96.67 0.00%
1899 £97.78 1.15%
1900 £102.22 4.55%
1901 £102.22 0.00%
1902 £102.22 0.00%
1903 £103.33 1.09%
1904 £103.33 0.00%
1905 £103.33 0.00%
1906 £103.33 0.00%
1907 £104.44 1.08%
1908 £104.44 0.00%
1909 £105.56 1.06%
1910 £106.67 1.05%
1911 £106.67 0.00%
1912 £110.00 3.13%
1913 £108.89 -1.01%
1914 £108.89 0.00%
1915 £122.22 12.24%
1916 £144.44 18.18%
1917 £181.11 25.38%
1918 £221.11 22.09%
1919 £243.33 10.05%
1920 £281.11 15.53%
1921 £256.67 -8.70%
1922 £221.11 -13.85%
1923 £207.78 -6.03%
1924 £206.67 -0.53%
1925 £206.67 0.00%
1926 £205.56 -0.54%
1927 £200.00 -2.70%
1928 £200.00 0.00%
1929 £197.78 -1.11%
1930 £192.22 -2.81%
1931 £184.44 -4.05%
1932 £180.00 -2.41%
1933 £175.56 -2.47%
1934 £175.56 0.00%
1935 £176.67 0.63%
1936 £177.78 0.63%
1937 £184.44 3.75%
1938 £186.67 1.20%
1939 £192.22 2.98%
1940 £224.44 16.76%
1941 £248.89 10.89%
1942 £266.67 7.14%
1943 £275.56 3.33%
1944 £283.33 2.82%
1945 £291.11 2.75%
1946 £300.00 3.05%
1947 £321.11 7.04%
1948 £345.56 7.61%
1949 £355.56 2.89%
1950 £366.67 3.13%
1951 £400.00 9.09%
1952 £436.67 9.17%
1953 £450.00 3.05%
1954 £458.89 1.98%
1955 £478.89 4.36%
1956 £503.33 5.10%
1957 £521.11 3.53%
1958 £537.78 3.20%
1959 £540.00 0.41%
1960 £545.56 1.03%
1961 £564.44 3.46%
1962 £588.89 4.33%
1963 £600.00 1.89%
1964 £620.00 3.33%
1965 £648.89 4.66%
1966 £674.44 3.94%
1967 £692.22 2.64%
1968 £724.44 4.65%
1969 £763.33 5.37%
1970 £812.22 6.40%
1971 £888.89 9.44%
1972 £952.22 7.13%
1973 £1,038.89 9.10%
1974 £1,205.56 16.04%
1975 £1,497.78 24.24%
1976 £1,745.56 16.54%
1977 £2,022.22 15.85%
1978 £2,190.00 8.30%
1979 £2,483.33 13.39%
1980 £2,930.00 17.99%
1981 £3,277.78 11.87%
1982 £3,560.00 8.61%
1983 £3,723.33 4.59%
1984 £3,908.89 4.98%
1985 £4,146.67 6.08%
1986 £4,287.78 3.40%
1987 £4,466.67 4.17%
1988 £4,685.56 4.90%
1989 £5,050.00 7.78%
1990 £5,527.78 9.46%
1991 £5,852.22 5.87%
1992 £6,071.11 3.74%
1993 £6,167.78 1.59%
1994 £6,316.67 2.41%
1995 £6,535.56 3.47%
1996 £6,693.33 2.41%
1997 £6,903.33 3.14%
1998 £7,140.00 3.43%
1999 £7,250.00 1.54%
2000 £7,464.44 2.96%
2001 £7,596.67 1.77%
2002 £7,723.33 1.67%
2003 £7,946.67 2.89%
2004 £8,183.33 2.98%
2005 £8,414.44 2.82%
2006 £8,683.33 3.20%
2007 £9,055.56 4.29%
2008 £9,416.67 3.99%
2009 £9,366.67 -0.53%
2010 £9,798.89 4.61%
2011 £10,308.89 5.20%
2012 £10,640.00 3.21%
2013 £10,963.33 3.04%
2014 £11,222.22 2.36%
2015 £11,333.33 0.99%
2016 £11,526.00 1.70%
2017 £11,940.33 3.59%
2018 £12,203.02 2.20%*
* Not final. See inflation summary for latest details.

News headlines from 1863

Politics and news often influence economic performance. Here's what was happening at the time:

  • Slavery ends in the Unites States, after President Lincoln issues Emancipation Proclamation, setting all slaves free.
  • Bahá'u'lláh, founder of the Bahá'í Faith, enters gardens of Rivden and makes the declaration of aha'u'llah during the short time he spent there
  • The Union wins a major victory in the Battle of Gettysburg, the largest of the Civil War.

Data Source & Citation

Raw data for these calculations comes from the composite price index published by the UK Office for National Statistics (ONS). A composite index is created by combining price data from several different published sources, both official and unofficial. The Consumer Price Index, normally used to compute inflation, has only been tracked since 1988. All inflation calculations after 1988 use the Office for National Statistics' Consumer Price Index, except for 2017, which is based on The Bank of England's forecast.

You may use the following MLA citation for this page: “Inflation Rate in 1863 | UK Inflation Calculator.” U.S. Official Inflation Data, Alioth Finance, 23 Jun. 2018, https://www.officialdata.org/UK-inflation-rate-in-1863.


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