$100 in 1855 → $2,774.73 in 2018

Inflation Calculator

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U.S. Inflation Rate, $100 in 1855 to 2018

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics consumer price index, the dollar experienced an average inflation rate of 2.06% per year. Prices in 2018 are 2674.7% higher than prices in 1855.

In other words, $100 in 1855 is equivalent in purchasing power to $2,774.73 in 2018, a difference of $2,674.73 over 163 years.

The current inflation rate is now 2.80%1. If this number holds, $100 today will be equivalent to $102.80 next year. The current inflation rate page gives more detail on the latest official inflation rates.

Inflation from 1855 to 2018
Cumulative price change 2674.73%
Average inflation rate 2.06%
Converted amount ($100 base) $2,774.73
Price difference ($100 base) $2,674.73
CPI in 2018 251.59


U.S. inflation chart since 1665


The above data describe the CPI for all items. Also of note is U.S. "Core Inflation," which measures the CPI for all items except for the more volatile categories of food and energy. Core inflation averaged NaN% per year between 1855 and 2018. In 1855, core inflation was 0.00%.


Inflation rates for specific categories

New trucks · Airline fares · New cars · More

Inflation-adjusted measures

S&P 500 price · S&P 500 earnings · Shiller P/E

Buying power of $100 since 1855

Below are calculations of buying power over time for $100 in 1855 (price index tracking began in 1913). Each of these USD amounts below is equivalent in terms of what it could buy at the time:

Year USD Value Inflation Rate
1855 $100.00 -
1856 $97.92 -2.08%
1857 $100.00 2.13%
1858 $95.83 -4.17%
1859 $95.83 0.00%
1860 $95.83 0.00%
1861 $102.08 6.52%
1862 $116.67 14.29%
1863 $143.75 23.21%
1864 $181.25 26.09%
1865 $187.50 3.45%
1866 $183.33 -2.22%
1867 $170.83 -6.82%
1868 $162.50 -4.88%
1869 $156.25 -3.85%
1870 $150.00 -4.00%
1871 $139.58 -6.94%
1872 $139.58 0.00%
1873 $137.50 -1.49%
1874 $131.25 -4.55%
1875 $125.00 -4.76%
1876 $122.92 -1.67%
1877 $120.83 -1.69%
1878 $114.58 -5.17%
1879 $114.58 0.00%
1880 $118.75 3.64%
1881 $118.75 0.00%
1882 $118.75 0.00%
1883 $116.67 -1.75%
1884 $112.50 -3.57%
1885 $110.42 -1.85%
1886 $108.33 -1.89%
1887 $108.33 0.00%
1888 $108.33 0.00%
1889 $106.25 -1.92%
1890 $104.17 -1.96%
1891 $104.17 0.00%
1892 $104.17 0.00%
1893 $104.17 0.00%
1894 $97.92 -6.00%
1895 $97.92 0.00%
1896 $97.92 0.00%
1897 $95.83 -2.13%
1898 $95.83 0.00%
1899 $95.83 0.00%
1900 $97.92 2.17%
1901 $97.92 0.00%
1902 $97.92 0.00%
1903 $102.08 4.26%
1904 $102.08 0.00%
1905 $102.08 0.00%
1906 $104.17 2.04%
1907 $108.33 4.00%
1908 $106.25 -1.92%
1909 $104.17 -1.96%
1910 $108.33 4.00%
1911 $108.33 0.00%
1912 $110.42 1.92%
1913 $109.18 -1.12%
1914 $110.29 1.01%
1915 $111.39 1.00%
1916 $120.21 7.92%
1917 $141.17 17.43%
1918 $166.53 17.97%
1919 $190.80 14.57%
1920 $220.58 15.61%
1921 $197.41 -10.50%
1922 $185.28 -6.15%
1923 $188.59 1.79%
1924 $188.59 0.00%
1925 $193.00 2.34%
1926 $195.21 1.14%
1927 $191.90 -1.69%
1928 $188.59 -1.72%
1929 $188.59 0.00%
1930 $184.18 -2.34%
1931 $167.64 -8.98%
1932 $151.09 -9.87%
1933 $143.37 -5.11%
1934 $147.79 3.08%
1935 $151.09 2.24%
1936 $153.30 1.46%
1937 $158.81 3.60%
1938 $155.51 -2.08%
1939 $153.30 -1.42%
1940 $154.40 0.72%
1941 $162.12 5.00%
1942 $179.77 10.88%
1943 $190.80 6.13%
1944 $194.11 1.73%
1945 $198.52 2.27%
1946 $215.06 8.33%
1947 $245.94 14.36%
1948 $265.79 8.07%
1949 $262.48 -1.24%
1950 $265.79 1.26%
1951 $286.75 7.88%
1952 $292.26 1.92%
1953 $294.47 0.75%
1954 $296.67 0.75%
1955 $295.57 -0.37%
1956 $299.98 1.49%
1957 $309.91 3.31%
1958 $318.73 2.85%
1959 $320.94 0.69%
1960 $326.45 1.72%
1961 $329.76 1.01%
1962 $333.07 1.00%
1963 $337.48 1.32%
1964 $341.89 1.31%
1965 $347.41 1.61%
1966 $357.33 2.86%
1967 $368.36 3.09%
1968 $383.80 4.19%
1969 $404.76 5.46%
1970 $427.92 5.72%
1971 $446.66 4.38%
1972 $461.00 3.21%
1973 $489.68 6.22%
1974 $543.72 11.04%
1975 $593.35 9.13%
1976 $627.54 5.76%
1977 $668.34 6.50%
1978 $719.08 7.59%
1979 $800.69 11.35%
1980 $908.77 13.50%
1981 $1,002.51 10.32%
1982 $1,064.28 6.16%
1983 $1,098.46 3.21%
1984 $1,145.89 4.32%
1985 $1,186.69 3.56%
1986 $1,208.75 1.86%
1987 $1,252.87 3.65%
1988 $1,304.70 4.14%
1989 $1,367.57 4.82%
1990 $1,441.46 5.40%
1991 $1,502.12 4.21%
1992 $1,547.34 3.01%
1993 $1,593.66 2.99%
1994 $1,634.46 2.56%
1995 $1,680.78 2.83%
1996 $1,730.41 2.95%
1997 $1,770.12 2.29%
1998 $1,797.69 1.56%
1999 $1,837.39 2.21%
2000 $1,899.15 3.36%
2001 $1,953.19 2.85%
2002 $1,984.07 1.58%
2003 $2,029.29 2.28%
2004 $2,083.33 2.66%
2005 $2,153.92 3.39%
2006 $2,223.40 3.23%
2007 $2,286.73 2.85%
2008 $2,374.53 3.84%
2009 $2,366.08 -0.36%
2010 $2,404.89 1.64%
2011 $2,480.80 3.16%
2012 $2,532.14 2.07%
2013 $2,569.23 1.46%
2014 $2,610.91 1.62%
2015 $2,614.00 0.12%
2016 $2,646.98 1.26%
2017 $2,699.69 1.99%
2018 $2,774.73 2.78%*
* Not final. See inflation summary for latest details.

News headlines from 1855

Politics and news often influence economic performance. Here's what was happening at the time:

  • David Livingstone visits the Victoria Falls, becoming the first European to see it.
  • Henry John Temple, Third Viscount Palmerston, forms a British government.
  • A train passes a railway suspension bridge at the Niagara Falls, US for the first time.
  • Kerosene is patented by Abraham Gesner.

Data Source & Citation

Raw data for these calculations comes from the Bureau of Labor Statistics' (CPI), established in 1913. Inflation data from 1665 to 1912 is sourced from a historical study conducted by political science professor Robert Sahr at Oregon State University.

You may use the following MLA citation for this page: “$100 in 1855 → 2018 | Inflation Calculator.” U.S. Official Inflation Data, Alioth Finance, 23 Jun. 2018, https://www.officialdata.org/1855-dollars?amount=100.


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